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Lopressor (Metoprolol)

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Lopressor is a high-quality medication which is taken in treatment of high blood pressure. It also can be used in the treatment of chest pain, heart attacks.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Toprol XL


Also known as:  Metoprolol.


Lopressor is a perfect remedy. Its target is to struggle against high blood pressure. It also can be used in the treatment of chest pain, heart attacks.

Lopressor acts by slowing the heart rate and relaxing the blood vessels. It is beta blocker.

Lopressor is also known as Toprol-XL, Metoprolol, Protomet, Lopresor, Lopresar.

Generic name of Lopressor is Metoprolol Tartrate.

Brand names of Lopressor are Toprol-XL, Lopressor.


Take Lopressor tablets orally with water.

Take Lopressor once or twice a day at the same time.

Do not crush or chew it.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Lopressor suddenly.


If you overdose Lopressor and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Lopressor overdosage: fainting, difficulty, breathing or swallowing, swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs, lightheadedness.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Lopressor are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Lopressor if you are allergic to Lopressor components.

Do not take Lopressor if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Be careful with Lopressor if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Be careful with Lopressor in case of taking cimetidine (Tagamet), clonidine (Catapres), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), hydroxychloroquine, paroxetine (Paxil), propafenone (Rythmol), quinidine (Quinaglute, Quinidex), ranitidine (Zantac), reserpine (Serpalan, Serpasil, Serpatab), ritonavir (Norvir), terbinafine (Lamisil),and thioridazine (Mellaril), bupropion (Wellbutrin).

Be careful with Lopressor if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances.

Be careful with Lopressor if you suffer from or have a history of heart or liver disease; diabetes; severe allergies; or an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism), slow heart rate, heart failure, problems with blood circulation, or pheochromocytoma (a tumor that develops on a gland near the kidneys and may cause high blood pressure and fast heartbeat), had asthma or other lung disease.

Use Lopressor with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Do not stop taking Lopressor suddenly.

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1 Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by the 133xenon inhalation method in 33 newly-diagnosed hypertensive patients prior to commencing therapy. 2 Blood pressure was treated by using a varying sequence of four different drugs, namely labetalol, metoprolol, oxprenolol and sotalol, each of which is a beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agent, but with differing additional properties. 3 CBF measurements were repeated when blood pressure was controlled. No significant change in CBF was found with any of the four drugs, in contrast to the fall which has been reported when drugs of this type are administered acutely.

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Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction plays a central role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), promoting vasoconstriction, smooth muscle proliferation, and inflammation.

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Perioperative β-blockade remains a subject of debate. In this review, recent literature and current guidelines for perioperative β-blockade in vascular surgery patients are discussed.

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Anxiety is common after acute myocardial infarction and increases the number of complications and the length of stay in the hospital. Anxiety-induced activation of the sympathetic nervous system is hypothesized to be an underlying cause of increased complication rates. Little is known about whether use of β-blockers eliminates the effects of anxiety on complication rate and length of stay.

lopressor drug classification

The objective of this study, was to examine the influence of critical formulation and processing variables as described in the AAPS/FDA Workshop II report on scale-up of oral extended-release dosage forms, using a hydrophilic polymer hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (Methocel K100LV). A face-centered central composite design (26 runs+3 center points) was selected and the variables studied were: filler ratio (lactose:dicalcium phosphate (50:50)), polymer level (15/32.5/50%), magnesium stearate level (1/1.5/2%), lubricant blend time (2/6/10 min) and compression force (400/600/800 kg). Granulations (1.5 kg, 3000 units) were manufactured using a fluid-bed process, lubricated and tablets (100 mg metoprolol tartrate) were compressed on an instrumented Manesty D3B rotary tablet press. Dissolution tests were performed using USP apparatus 2, at 50 rpm in 900 ml phosphate buffer (pH 6.8). Responses studied included percent drug released at Q1 (1 h), Q4, Q6, Q12. Analysis of variance indicated that change in polymer level was the most significant factor affecting drug release. Increase in dicalcium phosphate level and compression force were found to affect the percent released at the later dissolution time points. Some interaction effects between the variables studied were also found to be statistically significant. The drug release mechanism was predominantly found to be Fickian diffusion controlled (n=0.46-0.59). Response surface plots and regression models were developed which adequately described the experimental space. Three formulations having slow-, medium- and fast-releasing dissolution profiles were identified for a future bioavailability/bioequivalency study. The results of this study provided the framework for further work involving both in vivo studies and scale-up.

intravenous lopressor dosing

During daytime activity and during orthostatic and mental stress, both heart rate and the ratio between the low and high frequency spectral components of the heart rate variability were significantly lower with atenolol. Conversely, there was no difference between treatments in baroreflex sensitivity and resting plasma catecholamines. Exercise duration and peak oxygen consumption did not differ between treatments, but the heart rate during submaximal and peak exercise was significantly lower with atenolol.

lopressor 60 mg

The normal expression of Ca2+-handling protein is critical for efficient myocardial function. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that beta-blocker treatment may attenuate left ventricular (LV) remodeling and cardiac contractile dysfunction in the failing heart, which may be associated with alterations of Ca2+-handling protein

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The efficacy of intravenous metoprolol in preventing symptoms during a repeat tilt test was compared with the outcome of chronic oral treatment in 21 patients (14 female, 7 male), age 8 to 20 years (mean 13 +/- 3) with unexplained syncope (> or = 1 episode) and a positive response to tilt testing. A positive response was defined as the development of either syncope or presyncope. During the initial tilt test, a positive response occurred during baseline (14 patients) or isoproterenol (0.03 to 0.1 microgram/kg/min) infusion (7 patients) with a cardioinhibitory (1 patient), vasodepressor (5 patients) or mixed (15 patients) pattern. Metoprolol (0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg) was administered intravenously. During the repeat tilt test, response was negative in 18 patients, including 11 of 14 patients with a positive response in the baseline and 7 of 7 patients with a positive response during isoproterenol infusion. Metoprolol (0.8 to 2.8 mg/kg/day) was administered orally to 15 patients for an average of 10 months. Symptoms were absent (7 patients) or improved (2 patients); metoprolol was discontinued because of adverse effects (3 patients) or recurrence of symptoms (3 patients). In 7 of 12 patients with a negative response and 2 of 3 patients with a positive response after intravenous metoprolol, oral administration of metoprolol prevented or improved symptoms without adverse effects. Many young patients (60%) with recurrent syncope obtained symptomatic improvement from chronic oral metoprolol treatment without adverse effects; repeat tilt testing after intravenous metoprolol did not appear to offer any additional information than would have been obtained from a trial of chronic oral treatment.

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We sought to assess the effects of combined oral positive inotropic and beta-blocker therapy in patients with severe heart failure.

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We did a prospective, randomised trial in 6614 patients aged 70-84 years with hypertension (blood pressure > or = 180 mm Hg systolic, > or = 105 mm Hg diastolic, or both). Patients were randomly assigned conventional antihypertensive drugs (atenolol 50 mg, metoprolol 100 mg, pindolol 5 mg, or hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg plus amiloride 2.5 mg daily) or newer drugs (enalapril 10 mg or lisinopril 10 mg, or felodipine 2.5 mg or isradipine 2-5 mg daily). We assessed fatal stroke, fatal myocardial infarction, and other fatal cardiovascular disease. Analysis was by intention to treat.

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Sonography showed oligy-/anhydramnion with enlarged echogenic kidneys of both fetuses. Having ruled out premature rupture of the membranes the reduced amount of amniotic fluid was interpreted as a consequence of the antihypertensive medication.

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A 67-year-old male with major depression, dysthymia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia presented with new-onset gynecomastia and breast tenderness. Mammography revealed bilateral gynecomastia (fibroglandular tissue posterior to the nipples bilaterally) without suspicious mass, calcification, or other abnormalities. These new symptoms developed after sertraline was added to his stable medication regimen (duloxetine, alprazolam, rosuvastatin, metoprolol, amlodipine, hydrochlorothiazide/triamterene, metformin, and sitagliptin). These symptoms were dose-dependent, with gynecomastia and breast tenderness more severe as sertraline was titrated from 25 mg/day to 50 mg/day and then to 75 mg/day. When sertraline was discontinued, gynecomastia and breast tenderness rapidly resolved.

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felodipine plus irbesartan or metoprolol for 24 weeks equally reduced blood pressure and the former regimen is superior to the latter on sexual function improvement in this patient cohort.

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A method for the simultaneous determination of the beta-blockers atenolol, sotalol, metoprolol, bisoprolol, propranolol and carvedilol, the calcium-channel antagonists diltiazem, amlodipine and verapamil, the angiotensin-II antagonists losartan, irbesartan, valsartan and telmisartan, and the antiarrhythmic drug flecainide, in whole blood samples from forensic autopsies was developed. Sample clean-up was achieved by precipitation and solid phase extraction (SPE) with a mixed-mode column. Quantification was performed by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with positive electrospray ionization mass spectrometric detection (HPLC-MS). The method has been developed and robustness tested by systematically searching for satisfactory conditions using experimental designs including factorial and response surface designs. With the exception of amlodipine, the concentration limit of quantification (cLOQ) covered low therapeutic concentration levels for all the compounds. Within assay precisions and accuracies (bias) were 3.4-21% RSD and from -24 to 21% for the concentration range 1.00-5.00 microM, respectively. Between assay precisions were 4.4-28% RSD for the concentration range from 0.1 to 5 microM and recoveries varied from 9 to 103%. The method is used for determination of cardiovascular drugs in post-mortem whole blood samples from forensic autopsy cases.

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Two groups of MI patients matched for clinical characteristics were identified on the basis of the results. The first group was composed of patients with decreased S as a response to vertical tilt at the beginning of the study. The patients with increased S during vertical tilt before treatment with the highest tolerated beta-blocker dose were attributed to the second group. The response to vertical tilt in the first group of patients was postulated to indicate the need to increase beta-blocker dose, and in turn, the response in the second group to indicate an already adequate beta-blocker dose.

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Carvedilol treatment in experimental myocarditis leads to reduced expression of proinflammatory cytokines and MMPs, which contributes to reduced matrix degradation and ultimately to improved structural integrity of the heart. Besides the antiadrenergic potential, carvedilol is beneficial due to a wide range of biological activities (antiinflammatory, antifibrotic, antioxidative and immunomodulatory).

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In a double-blind, parallel-group multicentre study in general practice, lisinopril (10-20 mg once daily) was compared with metoprolol (100-200 mg once daily) in 360 patients whose diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was in the range 91-115 mmHg despite diuretic treatment. Following a three week run-in period during which the diuretic was withdrawn, monotherapy with either lisinopril or metoprolol was given for two months with dose doubled after one month if DBP remained greater than 90 mmHg. Quality of life was assessed using established and validated questionnaires at the time of cessation of diuretic treatment and again after two months's active treatment. Both metoprolol and lisinopril achieved statistically significant BP reduction relative to baseline (P less than 0.001). Significantly fewer adverse events were experienced on lisinopril and metoprolol than on diuretic treatment. Frequency of withdrawals due to adverse events were statistically significantly lower on lisinopril than metoprolol P = 0.01. Before treatment approximately 35% of the patients had quality of life problems measured by General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), which was reduced to 17% on lisinopril and 23% on metoprolol. Thus both metoprolol and lisinopril were effective and safe in the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension with lisinopril being better tolerated. From patients' self-assessments of quality of life, lisinopril was found to be superior to metoprolol in some aspects of emotional, cognitive and social functioning.

lopressor dosage recommendations

Measurement of gut mucosal blood flow by laser Doppler flowmetry is highly reproducible. Eating, smoking, body size, sex, ovulatory status, and menstrual phase influence blood flow. Changes in mucosal blood flow induced by autonomically active drugs and nerve stimulation confirm the role of the mucosal microcirculation as a measure of extrinsic nerve activity.

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The four pivotal beta-blocker trials in heart failure (HF) had different inclusion criteria, making comparison difficult without patient stratifying. The aim of this study was to compare, in similar patients, the effects of bisoprolol, metoprolol controlled release/extended release (CR/XL), carvedilol and nebivolol on (i) total mortality, (ii) all-cause mortality or hospitalization due to cardiovascular causes (time to first event), (iii) all-cause mortality or hospitalization because of HF and (iv) tolerability, defined as discontinuation of randomized treatment.

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The effect on ovulation of intraventricular infusions of noradrenaline, adrenaline and various pharmacological agents acting on the adrenergic receptor subtypes were investigated in cyclic female rats on the day of pro-oestrus. The inhibitory effects on ovulation of the different infusions were monitored by administering the drugs before 11.00 h (several hours before the critical period for the ovulatory LH surge). In experiments designed to show how the drugs under investigation might stimulate ovulation, pentobarbitone sodium (35 mg/kg) was given at 14.30 h; this anaesthetic inhibits ovulation and its effects can be overcome by substances that advance the preovulatory LH surge. Noradrenaline (an alpha-agonist) stimulated ovulation when administered on the morning of pro-oestrus to rats injected with pentobarbitone early in the afternoon of the same day. Phenoxybenzamine and phentolamine (non-selective alpha-antagonists) and clonidine (a selective alpha 2-agonist) all inhibited ovulation when infused on the morning of pro-oestrus. Yohimbine (a moderately selective alpha 2-antagonist) neither stimulated nor inhibited ovulation. Both isoprenaline (a non-selective beta-agonist) and fenoterol (a selective beta 2-agonist) stimulated ovulation in pentobarbitone-treated rats when administered on the morning of pro-oestrus and fenoterol was also able to overcome the pentobarbitone block when infused later in the afternoon. Propranolol (a non-selective beta-antagonist) and metoprolol (a selective beta 1-antagonist) were stimulatory only when administered in the afternoon. Adrenaline (both an alpha- and beta-agonist), prenalterol (a selective beta 1-agonist), atenolol (a selective beta 1-antagonist) and ICI 118,551 (a selective beta 2-antagonist) neither stimulated nor inhibited ovulation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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lopressor mg 2017-03-23

Participants from the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) trial were genotyped for ADRB1 polymorphisms: Ser49Gly and Arg389Gly. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the relationship between ADRB1 polymorphisms and buy lopressor time to reach a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of ≤107 mm Hg in the first year after randomization, adjusted for other predictors of blood pressure response.

lopressor 95 mg 2016-11-03

beta-Blockers are a class of agents that have been used extensively in topical preparations for the treatment of glaucoma. Recent evidence indicates that they may also be useful in a number of retinal diseases. Because biocompatibility is of utmost importance in the treatment of ocular-related diseases, we compared the in vitro cytotoxicity, using the MTT assay, of eight clinically available beta-blockers (propranolol, alprenolol, atenolol, labetalol, metoprolol, pindolol, timolol, and bisoprolol) on human corneal epithelial and retinal pigment epithelial cell lines. Primary and immortalized corneal and retinal cell lines were compared for their susceptibility to the cytotoxic effect of the drugs. The cytotoxicity of beta-blockers was also evaluated on human skin keratinocytes and fibroblasts in order to investigate susceptibility differences as a function of the tissue of origin. Results demonstrated large differences in cytotoxicity (about 60-fold) for these closely related drugs on the same cell line. Conversely, only relatively small differences in cytotoxicity were observed between the different cell lines for the same drug, indicating that the mechanism of cytotoxicity is not cell-specific. Calculation of the ratio between buy lopressor the cytotoxicity of beta-blockers and their beta-blocking constant is presented as a potential tool to help identify the least irritating, most potent drug.

lopressor and alcohol 2015-11-01

30 patients (10 normotensive, 20 hypertensive) with stable angina and positive treadmill exercise tests entered a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial of metoprolol, 100 mg twice daily. At the end of each treatment phase, blood pressure was monitored for 24 h and Holter and real-time electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring were carried out and an activity diary kept for 48 h. Blood samples for catecholamine measurement were taken after 30 min supine, 60 min standing, and at the first silent ischaemic event, triggered by the real-time ECG monitor, by means of an ambulatory blood withdrawal pump. Metoprolol lowered blood pressure and heart rate in both normotensive and hypertensive subjects, and reduced the frequency and duration buy lopressor of silent ischaemic episodes in hypertensive subjects. Plasma noradrenaline measured during silent ischaemia while the patients were resting was significantly higher than the control supine level without ischaemia. These findings suggest that noradrenergic hyperactivity may have a role in coronary vasoconstriction and that treatment which neutralizes sympathetic tone may be especially beneficial in treatment of silent ischaemia in hypertensive patients.

lopressor xl dosage 2015-08-15

From October 2003 to December 2004, 62 patients (32 men, mean age 44.8 +/- 19.3 years) who had at least one episode of syncope per month during previous 6-months and had positive tilt test were enrolled in buy lopressor this study. The patients were randomly assigned to receive either propranolol (Group I, n = 31) or metoprolol (Group II, n = 31). After one month, efficacy of treatment was also tested by a repeat head-up tilt test (HUTT).

lopressor 25mg tabs 2015-07-06

This clinical trial was performed to determine the safety and clinical impact of titrated buy lopressor metoprolol therapy in patients with heart failure, documented coronary artery disease and a low ejection fraction.

lopressor usual dosage 2015-10-31

The incidence of poor metabolizer phenotype for Met alpha-hydroxylation in Chinese Han nationality is low, and the NADH is not involved in human liver microsome buy lopressor Met alpha-hydroxylation.

lopressor iv dose 2016-08-15

This radial compression liquid-chromatographic assay for propranolol in plasma is rapid, reproducible, and suitable for use in routine buy lopressor monitoring. A 10-micron particle, 8 mm X 10 cm CN cartridge is used in conjunction with a radial compression separation system. The mobile phase is monobasic sodium phosphate (pH 3) solution/methanol/acetonitrile (760/84/156 by vol), the flow rate 6 mL/min. Propranolol was detected by use of a spectrofluorometer equipped with a 20-microL flow-through cell, at excitation and emission wavelengths of 250 and 336 nm. The retention times for propranolol and metoprolol (the internal standard) are 3.13 and 1.42 min, respectively. A one-step extraction with chloroform yields "clean" chromatograms, with greater than 90% of the drug being analytically accounted for. Under these conditions, results are precise and accurate. Currently we are using this method to monitor propranolol in hypertensive neonates. Data on changes in the concentrations of propranolol in plasma with time are presented for one such patient.

lopressor 100 mg 2015-01-19

beta-Adrenergic blockade is commonly and successfully used to treat chronic heart buy lopressor failure. Until recently, few data were available on which to base selection of a particular beta-blocking agent. The Carvedilol or Metoprolol European Trial (COMET) provides evidence that beta-blockers are not interchangeable. The trial compared carvedilol, a nonselective beta-blocker with alpha-adrenergic blocking and numerous ancillary activities, with metoprolol tartrate. In comparison to metoprolol tartrate, significant reductions in all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality were observed with carvedilol. These data indicate that cardiovascular benefit may be obtained from switching patients from metoprolol tartrate to carvedilol.

lopressor dose conversion 2016-02-04

No differences were found either in the primary end buy lopressor point of t-CAE or in the secondary end point of t-CHE. A significant benefit was observed in 4 of 8 health-related quality of life domains in the carvedilol group, with fewer carvedilol group patients being withdrawn from therapy in the hospital.

lopressor dose iv 2015-12-10

The subendocardium and mid-wall of the left ventricle (LV) play important roles in ventricular function. Previous methods used for evaluating this function are either buy lopressor invasive or cumbersome. Strain rate imaging by ultrasound is a newly developed echocardiographic modality based on tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) that allows quantitative assessment of regional myocardial wall motion.

lopressor brand name 2017-03-02

Previous reports, based on clinical trials and animal experiments, suggest that beta-blockers may be useful in the prevention of atherosclerosis. Betaxolol, a new beta1-selective blocker, was shown to decrease plasma total and LDL cholesterol levels or to have no adverse effect on those [1-4]. While many reports deal with metabolism of triglyceride and high density lipoprotein, fewer publications about cholesterol metabolism are currently available. To clarify the mechanism by which beta-blockers affect lipid metabolism, we examined the effects of beta-blockers on HMG CoA reductase and LDL receptor activity in cultured human skin fibroblasts. L-propranolol, a nonselective beta-blocker, increased HMG CoA reductase activity and decreased LDL receptor activity. However, d-propranolol had no major effects on HMG CoA reductase activity. These results suggest that beta-blockers act on HMG CoA reductase through the beta receptors. Beta1-blocking action should decrease HMG CoA reductase activity and increase LDL receptor activity. In fact, betaxolol, a beta1-selective blocker, decreased HMG CoA reductase activity and increased LDL receptor activity, but metoprolol had no major effect. We speculate that the discrepancy between betaxolol buy lopressor and metoprolol in the effect on HMG CoA reductase and the LDL receptor might be due to the difference of the extent of beta1-selectivity. We conclude that beta1-selective blockers are antihypertensive agents potentially valuable in the prevention of atherosclerosis.

lopressor generic pictures 2017-06-30

In recent years the growing interest in drug stability problem has been observed. The stability of pharmaceutical products seems to play an important role from the economical point of view. However, there are not many studies that reported about the stability of drugs past their expiration dates. The objective of the current study was to determine tablet content of expired tablets and tablets with expiry date has not been exceeded. The analyzed tablets contained metoprolol tartrate (50 mg) and propranolol hydrochloride (10 mg), respectively. Content determination buy lopressor was performed using HPLC method with UV detection. The proposed method was validated with regard to linearity, sensitivity, intermediate accuracy and precision. No discrepancies between the results of determination and the declared values range for all the analyzed tablets were observed. The results of performed study might suggest that storage of analyzed batches of tablets over time period exceeding the expiry date given by the manufacturer did not influence their contents.

lopressor 50mg tablets 2015-01-20

Two four-way cross-over buy lopressor studies were performed in 36 young subjects and 24 elderly subjects with frequent measurement of drug plasma concentrations, blood pressures and heart rate. The pharmacokinetic analysis included enantioselective analysis in six subjects.

lopressor dose 2015-09-22

β-Blockers Indocin Dosage are a standard of care in many clinical settings such as acute myocardial infarction, heart failure and patients at risk for a coronary event. However, not all β-blockers are the same and they vary in properties such as lipophilicity, metabolic profile, receptor inhibition, hemodynamics, tolerability and antioxidant/anti-inflammatory effects. It has been unclear whether these differences affect outcomes or if one β-blocker should be preferred over another. This review will summarize the properties of metoprolol, atenolol and carvedilol, as well as comparative experimental and clinical trials between these agents. We will provide compelling evidence of why carvedilol should be a first-line β-blocker and why it offers many advantages over the β1-selective β-blockers.

lopressor medicine 2017-07-14

We present hot melt extrusion (HME) for the design of floating multiparticulates. Metoprolol succinate was selected as the model drug. Our foremost objective was to optimize the components Eudragit(®) RS PO, polyethylene oxide (PEO) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) to balance both buoyancy and controlled release. Gas generated by sodium bicarbonate in acidic medium was trapped in the polymer matrix to enable floating. Eudragit(®) RS PO and PEO with sodium bicarbonate resulted in multiparticulates which exhibited rapid flotation within 3 min but inadequate total floating time (TFT) of 3h. Addition of HPMC to the matrix did not affect floating lag time (FLT), moreover TFT increased to more than 12h with controlled release of metoprolol succinate. Floating multiparticulates exhibited t50% of 5.24h and t90% of 10.12h. XRD and DSC analysis revealed crystalline state of drug while FTIR suggested nonexistence of chemical interaction between the drug and the other excipients. The assay, FLT, TFT and the drug release of the multiparticulates were unchanged when stored at 40°C/75%RH for 3 months confirming stability. We present floating multiparticulates by HME which could be extrapolated to a range of other drugs. Our approach hence presents platform technology for floating Mobic Usual Dosage multiparticulates.

lopressor hct reviews 2017-01-16

We studied the value of a rapid beta Zovirax 800 Dosage -blocker injection at peak dobutamine-atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) for the detection of coronary artery disease (CAD).

lopressor generic drug 2016-10-18

We studied activation of circulating lymphocytes (assessed as concanavalin A (CON A)-induced inositol phosphate (IP) formation and proliferation ([3H]-thymidine incorporation) from 8 CHF patients on standard medication (Group A, mean age 54 +/- 6 yrs, NYHA class II - IV, mean 3.1 +/- 0.3) and in 9 CHF patients on standard medication and additional treatment with the beta1-blocker metoprolol (Group B, mean age: 56 +/- 3 yrs, NYHA class II - IV, mean 2.9 +/- 0.2); 8 age-matched healthy volunteers (mean age Feldene Cost 49 +/- 3 yrs) served as controls.

lopressor dose frequency 2016-12-28

The study population comprised 869 LQTS patients treated with beta-blockers. Effectiveness of beta-blockers was analyzed during matched periods before and after starting beta-blocker therapy, and by survivorship methods to determine factors associated with cardiac events while on prescribed beta-blockers. After initiation of beta-blockers, there was a significant (P<0.001) reduction in the rate of cardiac events in probands (0.97+/-1.42 to 0.31+/-0.86 events per year) and in affected family members (0. 26+/-0.84 to 0.15+/-0.69 events per year) during 5-year matched periods. On-therapy survivorship analyses revealed that patients with cardiac symptoms before beta-blockers (n=598) had a hazard ratio of 5.8 (95% CI, 3.7 to 9.1) for recurrent cardiac events (syncope, aborted cardiac arrest, or death) during beta-blocker therapy compared with asymptomatic patients; 32% of these symptomatic patients will have another cardiac event within 5 years while on prescribed beta-blockers. Patients with a history of aborted cardiac arrest before starting beta-blockers (n=113) had a hazard ratio of 12.9 (95% CI, 4. Omnicef 200 Tab 7 to 35.5) for aborted cardiac arrest or death while on prescribed beta-blockers compared with asymptomatic patients; 14% of these patients will have another arrest (aborted or fatal) within 5 years on beta-blockers.

lopressor 300 mg 2017-04-11

We review current pharmacological treatments for peripheral and central vestibular disorders, and ocular motor disorders that impair vision, especially pathological nystagmus. The prerequisites for successful pharmacotherapy of vertigo, dizziness, and abnormal eye movements are the "4 D's": correct diagnosis, correct drug, appropriate dosage, and sufficient duration. There are seven groups of drugs (the "7 A's") that can be used: antiemetics; anti-inflammatory, anti-Ménière's, and anti-migrainous medications; anti-depressants, anti-convulsants, and aminopyridines. A recovery from acute vestibular neuritis can be promoted by treatment with oral corticosteroids. Betahistine may reduce the frequency of attacks of Ménière's disease. The aminopyridines constitute a novel treatment approach for downbeat and upbeat nystagmus, as well as episodic ataxia type 2 (EA 2); these drugs may restore normal "pacemaker" activity to the Purkinje cells that govern Adalat Online vestibular and cerebellar nuclei. A limited number of trials indicate that baclofen improves periodic alternating nystagmus, and that gabapentin and memantine improve acquired pendular and infantile (congenital) nystagmus. Preliminary reports suggest suppression of square-wave saccadic intrusions by memantine, and ocular flutter by beta-blockers. Thus, although progress has been made in the treatment of vestibular neuritis, some forms of pathological nystagmus, and EA 2, controlled, masked trials are still needed to evaluate treatments for many vestibular and ocular motor disorders, including betahistine for Ménière's disease, oxcarbazepine for vestibular paroxysmia, or metoprolol for vestibular migraine.

lopressor dosage recommendations 2016-08-09

Metoprolol was not effective in Tab Atarax 5mg preventing vasovagal syncope in the study population.

lopressor 5 mg 2015-10-04

Adaptation to hypoxia lessens myocardial ischemic injury. This study tested whether hypoxia-induced beta-adrenergic activity mobilizes mechanisms that protect myocardium during subsequent ischemia and reperfusion. Dogs were intermittent hypoxia conditioned (IHC) by a 20 days program of 5-8 daily, 5-10 min cycles of normobaric hypoxia (FIO2 = 9.5-10%), or sham conditioned with normoxic air, and metoprolol (beta1-adrenoceptor antagonist) was administered throughout the IHC program. Twenty-four hours after the last IHC session, the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for 60 min, and then reperfused for 5 h. Area at risk (AAR) and infarct size (IS) were measured. IHC lowered IS/AAR from 38+/-6% in sham-conditioned dogs Levitra 80 Mg to 1.1+/-0.3%, and eliminated ventricular tachycardia (VT) and fibrillation (VF) that occurred in 14 of 17 non-conditioned dogs. Metoprolol blunted IHC-evoked cardioprotection (IS/AAR=27+/-3%), and VT and/or VF occurred in 5 of 6 dogs. Metoprolol did not exacerbate ischemic injury in sham-conditioned dogs (IS/AAR=38+/-2%). Neither IHC nor metoprolol affected hematocrit or LAD collateral blood flow. A single IHC session failed to protect ischemic myocardium (IS/AAR = 36+/-8%), and protection was incomplete after 10 days of IHC (IS/AAR = 13+/-5%), suggesting that de novo protein synthesis was required for protection. Thus, episodic beta1-adrenergic activation during IHC evokes progressive development of powerful resistance to myocardial ischemia.

dosage lopressor 2015-05-20

The aim of this study was to find out whether Schizonepetin influences the pharmacokinetics of the main substrates drugs of CYP1A2, CYP3A1/2, CYP2E1, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 in rats; the influence on the levels of CYP mRNA was also studied. Phenacetin, dapsone, chlorzoxazone, omeprazole and metoprolol were selected as probe substrates for CYP1A2, CYP3A1/2, CYP2E1, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 respectively. HPLC methods were employed for the determination of these substrates in plasma and the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. Real-time RT-PCR was used to determine the effects of Schizonepetin on the mRNA expression of CYP3A1, CYP1A2 and CYP2E1 in the rat liver. After the rats were orally administrated with Schizonepetin once a day for seven consecutive days, there were significant differences in plasma concentration of phenacetin, dapsone, chlorzoxazone and metoprolol, but not omeprazole, as compared with pre-administration. In addition, Schizonepetin induced the expression of CYP3A1, CYP1A and CYP2E1 at dosages of 24 and 48 mg/kg. Our results indicated that Schizonepetin had significant induction effects on CYP3A1/2 and inhibition effects on CYP1A2, CYP2E1 or CYP2D6 as oriented from the pharmacokinetic profiles of the substrates. Moreover, in the mRNA expression levels, Schizonepetin could induce the mRNA expression of CYP3A1, CYP1A and CYP2E1. In conclusion, co-administration of some CYP substrates with Schizonepetin may lead to an undesirable herb-drug interaction.

lopressor hct generic 2015-01-28

Clevidipine is a third-generation calcium channel antagonist of the dihydropyridine group. Like nicardipine, its primary physiologic effect is vasodilation, primarily of the arterial system with limited effects on capacitance vessels. Unlike other direct-acting vasodilators, it has an ultrashort half-life due to its metabolism by nonspecific blood and tissue esterases. To date, the majority of clinical experience with clevidipine has been in the adult cardiac surgery population, with no reports regarding its use in the pediatric population. We retrospectively reviewed our preliminary experience with the use of this novel agent in a cohort of 10 pediatric-aged patients ranging in age from 9 to 18 years. The indications for the use of clevidipine included control of perioperative hypertension in 4 patients, to provide controlled hypotension during orthopedic surgical procedures in 5 patients, and to improve distal perfusion during a toe-to-finger implant in 1 patient. One patient who presented to the operating room with hypertension received clevidipine preoperatively, intraoperatively, and postoperatively; 7 other patients received clevidipine only intraoperatively while the other 2 patients received clevidipine intraoperatively and postoperatively. The clevidipine infusion was started at 0.5 to 1 μg/kg per minute and titrated up to 3.5 μg/kg per minute as needed. No excessive hypotension was noted; however, intermittent doses of metoprolol were required to control reflex tachycardia in 2 of the 10 patients and an elevated triglyceride level was noted in 1 patient. Our preliminary experience demonstrates the efficacy of clevidipine for blood pressure control during the perioperative period.

lopressor starting dose 2017-09-13

Predicting the effect of beta-blockade therapy on the clinical outcome of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is difficult prior to the initiation of therapy. Myocardial fatty acid metabolism has been shown to be impaired in patients with DCM. We examined whether the extent of myocardial injury, as assessed by iodine-123 15-( p-iodophenyl)-3- R, S-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) myocardial scintigraphy, is related to the response of patients with DCM to beta-blockade therapy. Thirty-seven patients with DCM were examined using BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy before and after 6 months of treatment with metoprolol. Myocardial BMIPP uptake (%BM uptake) was estimated quantitatively as a percentage of the total injected count ratio. The left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions (LVDd, LVDs) and ejection fraction (LVEF) were also evaluated. The patients were divided into two groups according to their functional improvement (>10% elevation of LVEF) after 6 months of metoprolol therapy. Twenty-eight patients responded to the therapy, while nine did not. Prior to the therapy, no significant differences in LVDd, LVDs or LVEF were observed between the responders and non-responders. However, the %BM uptake was significantly lower in the non-responders than in the responders (1.0%+/-0.2% vs 2.1%+/-0.5%, P<0.001). The %BM uptake could be used to distinguish the responders from the non-responders with a sensitivity of 0.93 and a specificity of 1.00 at a threshold value of 1.4. After the metoprolol therapy, the %BM uptake improved significantly in the responders (2.5%+/-0.5%, P<0.01) but did not change in the non-responders. These results indicate that myocardial BMIPP uptake could predict the response of DCM patients to beta-blockade therapy.

lopressor tablet 2017-12-15

The effects of beta-blockade to prevent autonomic disorders after acute aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage were prospectively investigated. 11 patients were treated with the beta-1-selective beta-blocker metoprolol (up to 200 mg/die intravenously). 14 patients received standard therapy as controls. Pulse rate, blood pressure and dosage of the additional antihypertensive medication as signs of sympathetic disturbance were registered. The main result was the normalizing of the pulse rate especially during the first two weeks in contrast to the control group. The patients in the beta-blocker group did not need further antihypertensive medication. This was mainly a result of the reduction in sympathetic activation. No severe side-effects were documented and the survival was better in the treated group. Thus, beta-blockade is able to prevent and reduce autonomic disorders, especially activation of the sympathetic tone, in subarachnoid haemorrhage. Metoprolol as a so called cardioselective beta-blocker seems to be one of the suitable agents and is considered superior to the non-selective agents.

lopressor generic 2017-04-11

In this double blind trial, 75 asymptomatic patients aged 44±14 years, 89% males, fulfilling at least two echocardiographic criteria for moderate or severe chronic AR, were randomised to receive metoprolol CR/XL up-titrated to 200 mg/day, or matching placebo. The primary endpoint was LV end diastolic volume, measured by MRI after 6 months of treatment.