lipitor generic cost
In these patients with elevated LDL-C levels and glucose intolerance, 52 weeks of treatment with pitavastatin 2 mg/d was associated with significantly greater increases in HDL-C and Apo A-I levels than atorvastatin 10 mg/d. Both treatments were well tolerated.
lipitor 10mg reviews
Sixty Wistar rats underwent a laparotomy, and adhesions A were induced by cecal abrasion. The animals were divided into 4 groups: group 1, control A; group 2, (A + atorvastatin); group 3, (A + HA/CMC), and group 4, (A + atorvastatin + HA/CMC). The atorvastatin (groups 2 and 4) and HA/CMC (groups 3 and 4) were administered intraperitoneally before the abdominal wall was closed. After 14 days, adhesions were classified by 2 independent surgeons.
lipitor drug classification
The lowering of cholesterol concentrations in individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease improves outcome. No study, however, has assessed benefits of cholesterol lowering in the primary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) in hypertensive patients who are not conventionally deemed dyslipidaemic.
cut lipitor tablets
To examine by secondary analysis of the Treating to New Targets (TNT) study whether the benefits of intensive versus standard levels of lipid lowering are equally applicable to women.
lipitor generic recall
The objective of this multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, 8-week study was to evaluate the comparative dose efficacy of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor atorvastatin 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg compared with simvastatin 10, 20, and 40 mg, pravastatin 10, 20, and 40 mg, lovastatin 20, 40, and 80 mg, and fluvastatin 20 and 40 mg. Investigators enrolled 534 hypercholesterolemic patients (low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol > or = 160 mg/dl [4.2 mmol/L] and triglycerides < or = 400 mg/dl [4.5 mmol/L]). The efficacy end points were mean percent change in plasma LDL cholesterol (primary), total cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations from baseline to the end of treatment (week 8). Atorvastatin 10, 20, and 40 mg produced greater (p < or = 0.01) reductions in LDL cholesterol, -38%, -46%, and -51%, respectively, than the milligram equivalent doses of simvastatin, pravastatin, lovastatin, and fluvastatin. Atorvastatin 10 mg produced LDL cholesterol reductions comparable to or greater than (p < or = 0.02) simvastatin 10, 20, and 40 mg, pravastatin 10, 20, and 40 mg, lovastatin 20 and 40 mg, and fluvastatin 20 and 40 mg. Atorvastatin 10, 20, and 40 mg produced greater (p < or = 0.01) reductions in total cholesterol than the milligram equivalent doses of simvastatin, pravastatin, lovastatin, and fluvastatin. All reductase inhibitors studied had similar tolerability. There were no incidences of persistent elevations in serum transaminases or myositis.
lipitor 20mg dosage
Valsartan and benazepril, combined with atorvastatin, can have significant protective effects on cardiorenal functions of rats with CRS, with no significant difference between these two drugs.
lipitor reviews 2014
Sixty individuals were randomized into two treatment groups: SRP plus 1.2% ATV and SRP plus placebo gel. At baseline and 3, 6, and 9 months, clinical parameters, which included modified sulcus bleeding index, plaque index, probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL), were recorded at baseline. Radiologic assessment of IBD fill was done using computer-aided software at baseline and 6 and 9 months.
lipitor reviews webmd
Using NeuralSIM neural network software (NeuralWare, Carnegie, Pa), lipid panels from patients at a hospital lipid clinic were entered as inputs for the model, and the doses of simvastatin or atorvastatin that achieved those lipid results were used as outputs. The network was trained using 2 different data sets and was run using a subset of the data as inputs. The results of the neural network run (predictions) were compared with the actual doses used as directed by the hospital pharmacist in accordance with the lipid clinic protocol.
Analysis of gene expression by cDNA microarrays showed that 82 genes were differentially expressed in FCH monocytes compared with controls. Atorvastatin treatment modified the expression of 86 genes. Pathway analysis revealed the over-representation of the complement and coagulation cascades, the hematopoietic cell lineage and the arachidonic acid metabolism pathways. Changes in the expression of some genes, confirmed by real-time RT-PCR, (CD36, leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobulin-like domains-1, tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2, myeloid cell nuclear differentiation antigen, tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 25, CD96 and lipoprotein lipase), may be related to a proinflammatory environment in FCH monocytes, which is partially reversed by atorvastatin. Higher plasma levels of triglycerides and free fatty acids and lower levels of adiponectin in FCH patients could also trigger changes in gene expression that atorvastatin cannot modify.
lipitor 50 mg
10,001 patients (3809 patients > or =65 years of age) with coronary heart disease (CHD) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels less than 3.4 mmol/L (<130 mg/dL).
lipitor drug interactions
We studied whether HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors can regulate FasL expression and cytotoxicity in human T cells (Jurkat cells). Activation of Jurkat cells with phorbol esters and ionomycin increased FasL expression, an effect prevented by atorvastatin or simvastatin. Mevalonate and geranylgeranylpyrophosphate but not farnesylpyrophosphate prevented the effect of atorvastatin, indicating that protein geranylation was involved in FasL expression. The C3 exotoxin, which selectively inactivates Rho proteins, also decreased FasL expression on T cells. Overexpression of constitutively active RhoA increased FasL expression in Jurkat cells, and dominant-negative RhoA decreased FasL expression in activated cells, indicating that RhoA is implicated in FasL expression. Atorvastatin also decreased cytotoxic activity of activated Jurkat cells on FasL-sensitive cells. Finally, atorvastatin treatment reduced FasL expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and human carotid atherosclerotic plaques.
lipitor with alcohol
The aim of the study was to assess the influence of co-existing atrial fibrillation (AF) on inflammatory condition factors, left ventricular function, clinical course and the efficacy of statin treatment of congestive heart failure in the course of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).
In patients with mild to moderate hypertension, atorvastatin reduces postganglionic MSNA, which supports the hypothesis that HMG-CoA reductase plays a role in sympathetic nervous system activity.
lipitor 20 mg
By searching English and Chinese language-based electronic databases (ie, PubMed, EBSCO, Ovid, SpringerLink, Wiley, Web of Science, Wanfang database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and VIP database), we identified 13 studies relevant to our topic of interest. Data were collected from the 13 studies and analyzed with Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (version 2.0, Biostat Inc., Englewood, New Jersey).
lipitor pill cutter
At baseline, ST subjects had significantly lower hsCRP levels than SF subjects (ST group 2.31, 95% CI 2.15, 2.48 mg/L vs. SF group 3.16, 95% CI 2.98, 3.34 mg/L, p<0.05). In the SF group, atorvastatin 10 to 80 mg significantly (p<0.01) reduced hsCRP levels in a dose dependent-manner. In ST group, additional hsCRP reductions were observed over the statin used at baseline, which were not dose-dependent. Atorvastatin significantly decreased hsCRP concentrations in subjects with or without diabetes or the metabolic syndrome.
lipitor 10mg tablets
Liver fibrosis and hepatic hydroxyproline content, in the TAA-treated group was significantly higher than those of the controls [11.5 ± 3.2 vs 2.6 ± 0.6 mg/g protein (P = 0.02)]. There were no differences in serum aminotransferase levels in the TAA controls compared to all the groups treated concomitantly by statins. Both statins used in our study did not prevent liver fibrosis or reduce portal hypertension, and had no effect on hepatic oxidative stress. Accordingly, the hepatic level of malondialdehyde was not lower in those groups treated by TAA + statins compared to TAA only. In vitro studies, using the BrdU method have shown that atorvastatin had no effect of hepatic stellate cells proliferation. Nevertheless, statin treatment was not associated with worsening of liver damage, portal hypertension or survival rate.
lipitor 300 mg
Data were collected and compiled from four sources: a national mail survey to independent pharmacies, National Councilfor Prescription Drug Programs (NCPDP) Pharmacy database, 2000 U.S. Census data, and 2006 Economic Census data.
lipitor overdose symptoms
Clinicians should be vigilant in monitoring the regimens of patients prescribed a statin with drugs that may increase the risk of myopathy. In particular, since nearly half of the patients prescribed amiodarone may also be prescribed a statin, then addition of amiodarone or changes in statin dose should trigger a drug regimen review and patient level monitoring. Clinicians should avoid simvastatin doses greater than 20 mg per day in patients taking amiodarone.
cut lipitor pill
Our study found that rosuvastatin patients who attained the NCEP ATP III target LDL-C goal had significantly lower titration rates than patients receiving other statins.
lipitor versus generic
Apolipoprotein (apo) CIII plays an important role in the catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins as it is a potent inhibitor of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). A low LPL activity has been simultaneously associated with hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol and with small LDL particles.
lipitor 5mg dose
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is a new gasotransmitter synthesized enzymatically from l-cysteine in cytosol and is oxidized in mitochondria. In the cardiovascular system, H(2)S regulates vascular tone, inhibits atherogenesis, and protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. We examined the effect of statins on vascular H(2)S production. Male Wistar rats received pravastatin (40mg/kg/day) or atorvastatin (20mg/kg/day) for 3 weeks and then H(2)S formation was measured in aortic media, periaortic adipose tissue (PAAT) and the liver. Only atorvastatin increased H(2)S production in PAAT whereas both statins stimulated its formation in the liver. Neither statin affected H(2)S production in aortic media. H(2)S formation in post-mitochondrial supernatant was higher than in mitochondria-containing supernatant and was not influenced by statins in any tissue. In addition, oxidation of exogenous H(2)S in isolated liver mitochondria was slower in statin-treated than in control rats. These data indicate that statins increase net H(2)S production by inhibiting its mitochondrial oxidation. Statins had no effect on the activity of H(2)S-metabolizing enzyme, sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase, measured at saturating coenzyme Q concentration. Both statins reduced CoQ(9) concentration in plasma and liver, but only atorvastatin decreased CoQ(9) in PAAT. Atorvastatin attenuated phenylephrine-induced contraction of PAAT+ but not of PAAT- aortic rings. Effects of atorvastatin on net H(2)S production, mitochondrial H(2)S oxidation and aortic contractility were abolished by supplementation of exogenous CoQ(9). In conclusion, lipophilic atorvastatin, but not hydrophilic pravastatin, increases net H(2)S production in perivascular adipose tissue by inhibiting its mitochondrial oxidation. This effect is mediated by statin-induced CoQ(9) deficiency and results in the augmentation of anticontractile effect of perivascular adipose tissue.
lipitor 10mg generic
We analyzed 11 published randomized controlled endpoint studies statin-to-placebo looking for the cardiovasculoprotective benefit of the 5 statins (atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, simvastatin) tested: AFCAPS/TexCAPS, ASCOT, CARE, FLORIDA, HPS, PROSPER, LIPID, LIPS, MIRACL, 4S, WOSCOPS. -
University research laboratory.
lipitor 10mg dosage
In total, 245 co-prescriptions of CYP3A4 inhibitors with simvastatin (134 events) or atorvastatin (111) were detected. Diltiazem (86 events), verapamil (72), erythromycin (48) and clarithromycin (29) were the most commonly co-prescribed CYP3A4 inhibitors. Physicians were informed in 168 out of 245 cases (68.6%). The prescription was subsequently changed in 100 out of 168 cases (59.5%). Another 50 physicians (29.8%) responded that they would consult the patient and monitor potential adverse effects, while only 18 physicians (10.7%) replied that they had already managed the interactions or considered the issue as irrelevant. The adjusted OR for the informing of the physician was 1.89 (95% CI 0.98, 3.63) in patients receiving a daily HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor ('statin') dose of >or=40 mg compared with patients receiving a statin dose of <40 mg/day. The adjusted OR for prescription change was 4.98 (95% CI 2.36, 10.52) if co-prescription was detected prior to the initiation of concurrent use compared with if it was detected during concurrent use.
This was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of patients undergoing elective pulmonary resection who received atorvastatin (40 mg daily) or placebo beginning 1 week before surgery and continued for 1 week postoperatively. Patient characteristics and postoperative complications were recorded. Plasma inflammatory markers were sampled at baseline, in the post-anesthesia care unit, and on postoperative day 3. Because of difficulty enrolling statin-naive patients, the study was stopped at the interim analysis.
cutter lipitor pill
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research.