imitrex max dose
For administration sites in the thigh and the abdomen, but not the arm, the needle-free and needle-based systems were bioequivalent (for all pharmacokinetic endpoints the mean ratios between the 2 devices were always between 90.1% and 115%). Among outpatients treating a migraine attack with the needle-free system, 51 of 52 on first attempt used the needle-free system successfully when treating a migraine attack.
imitrex 9 tablets
This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of oral sumatriptan (Imitrex tablets) in 259 migraineurs. In the clinic, patients received oral sumatriptan 25 mg, 50 mg, or 100 mg, or placebo for the treatment of a migraine attack. The results indicate that by 2 hours post-dose, 50 to 56% of patients treated with any of the three doses, compared with 26% of patients treated with placebo, achieved relief of headache (p < 0.05 for each sumatriptan group vs placebo). By 4 hours postdose, 68 to 71% of sumatriptan-treated patients, compared with 38% of placebo-treated patients, achieved relief of headache (p < 0.05 for each sumatriptan group vs placebo). Oral sumatriptan was similarly effective at relieving nausea and photophobia and at reducing clinical disability. The pattern and incidence of adverse events did not differ between treatment groups. All doses--25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg--of sumatriptan were effective and generally well tolerated. Dosing should be individualized according to the needs of the patient.
imitrex dosage instructions
Factors such as body size (weight and body mass index [BMI]), age, sex, and race might influence the clinical response to sumatriptan. We evaluated the impact of these covariates on the plasma concentration (Cp) profile of sumatriptan administered subcutaneously.
imitrex color pill
Although the primary endpoint only just failed, the results of this pragmatic outcomes study demonstrate SNC to have benefits over its concomitantly administered components in the acute treatment of migraine.
imitrex coupons medicine
The migraine-specific triptans have revolutionized the treatment of migraine and are usually the drugs of choice to treat a migraine attack in progress. Sumatriptan (Imitrex) has been available for the longest time within the class, is most flexible in form and has been given successfully to the most number of patients. It is useful for the full range of attacks experienced by a migraine suffer. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the first 10 years of the use of sumatriptan.
imitrex pill dosage
There is evidence that serotonin may be implicated in the pathophysiology of myofascial pain (MFP). Because of this, we used oral sumatriptan (Imitrex, Glaxo), a peripherally acting agonist of 5-HT1D receptors, in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled double crossover pilot study of 7 patients with episodic MFP of the temporalis muscles. The results showed that there was a significant reduction in pain intensity and increase in pain relief over time with both the active medication and the placebo, but no significant difference between treatments. All but 1 patient reported that they are not interested in retaking the same medication. These data suggest that oral sumatriptan may not be the drug of choice in the control of episodic MFP.
imitrex pill description
The recent publication of drug formularies by third-party payers has serious implications for the practice of medicine. These formularies list the medications for which the consumer can be reimbursed by the third-party payer. The most restrictive of the five formularies I have received lists only two agents for the treatment of migraine headaches: Cafergot (at an incorrect dose of 1/100 mg) and Ergotrate which is no longer available. The most liberal of the formularies lists analgesics, Cafergot, Midrin, and Imitrex for the treatment of acute attacks, and as prophylactic agents, Inderal, Sansert, and analgesics (known to cause rebound headaches when used in this fashion in migraine patients). Abortive agents of proven value, such as DHE-45 and NSAIDs, and preventative medications, such as calcium channel blockers, tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin reuptake inhibitors, methylergonovine, and divalproex sodium, are not available. No one could quarrel with a goal of developing a cost-effective formulary. However, the authors of these formularies have clearly demonstrated their inability to provide even a current, accurate, and adequate formulary by existent standards of care in the treatment of migraine headache. While it is easy to criticize these formularies, it is more difficult to develop a comprehensive list that would satisfy the practitioners' need to provide relief for their patients with a minimum of side effects, and the needs of third-party payers (presumed) to provide quality care at the most economical level.
imitrex subq dosing
This double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study of the acute treatment of migraine investigated the efficacy and tolerability of oral sumatriptan 100 mg (Imitrex) administered for up to nine attacks compared with placebo administered for up to three attacks. Patients were randomized to receive oral sumatriptan 100 mg or placebo on an outpatient basis in a 3:1 ratio for three four-attack blocks. Headache relief 4 hours postdose was observed in 59 to 65% of patients after sumatriptan treatment compared with 18 to 23% of patients after placebo treatment across three four-attack blocks (p < 0.005). For each block, oral sumatriptan 100 mg was also significantly more effective than placebo at relieving clinical disability and nausea and vomiting. Efficacy on all these measures was consistently maintained with repeated administration. Oral sumatriptan 100 mg was well tolerated, and repeated administration did not alter the pattern or severity of adverse events. These data demonstrate that the efficacy and tolerability of oral sumatriptan 100 mg was consistently maintained with repeated administration for up to nine separate migraine attacks.
The percentage of patients reporting satisfied/very satisfied for Overall Satisfaction of SNC versus S/N (primary endpoint) was 85% versus 72% respectively (p = 0.054). For Overall Effectiveness, the results were 82% for SNC versus 73% for S/N (p = 0.159); and for Overall Side Effects the results were 86% for SNC versus 69% for S/N (p = 0.005). Mean PPMQ-R scores reflect greater satisfaction with SNC than S/N for Total score and for each of four subscales. The difference between SNC and S/N was significant for the Ease of Use subscale (p = 0.004) and met the criterion of being clinically meaningful for both the Total score and Ease of Use. SNC did not differ from S/N with respect to pain-free response 2 h post dose, pain relief 2 h post dose, sustained 24 h pain-free response, or sustained 24 h pain relief.
imitrex generic dosage
Double-blind, randomized trial with parallel treatment arms.
imitrex user reviews
Several sumatriptan subcutaneous autoinjector devices for acute treatment of migraine patients are available, each device differs with respect to design and features. Determining device preference and ease of use is important because patients experiencing a migraine attack are often functionally impaired.
imitrex injections cost
Efficacy and tolerability profiles of Treximet [sumatriptan/naproxen sodium combination tablet (SNC)] have been established in clinical trials but have to date been virtually unstudied in pragmatic research. The primary objective of this study was to compare the overall satisfaction of SNC to its monotherapy components, S/N [one 100 mg Imitrex tablet (S) and two Aleve (naproxen sodium) 220 mg tablets, total dose 440 mg (N)] administered concomitantly using the Patient Perception of Migraine Questionnaire -Revised (PPMQ-R).
imitrex cost canada
Each study subject performed two unaided simulated injections with each of three different drug delivery devices, which were presented in counterbalanced order. The participants were then asked to rate the three devices on various subjective measures. The primary end point was overall device preference using a visual analog scale.
imitrex dosage pediatric
The objective of this human factors study was to compare migraine patients' device use performance and preferences for three sumatriptan subcutaneous autoinjectors: a disposable two-step device (Zembrace(®) SymTouch(®)), a disposable three-step device (Sumavel(®) DosePro(®)), and a multistep reloadable device (Imitrex(®) STATdose(®)), using simulated injections.
imitrex drug ingredients
To investigate whether a needle-free system can deliver s.c. sumatriptan. If so, to examine whether needle-free administration is bioequivalent to a 26-gauge needle-based auto-injector. Lastly, to assess the needle-free system for clinical acceptability and ease of use during migraine attacks.
To assess the efficacy and tolerability of subcutaneous dihydroergotamine mesylate (DHE-45) vs subcutaneous sumatriptan succinate (Imitrex) for the treatment of acute migraine with or without aura.
imitrex subq dosage
Patients with moderate or severe head pain were randomized to receive either 1 mg of subcutaneous dihydroergotamine mesylate or 6 mg of subcutaneous sumatriptan succinate. Patients rated head pain, functional ability, nausea, and vomiting at baseline and at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 24 hours after the injection. Presence or absence of headache at 3 hours was calculated from collected data. If pain persisted after 2 hours, a second injection of the same study medication was allowed, and self-ratings were repeated 30 and 60 minutes later. Follow-up data were collected at 24 hours.
imitrex 6 mg
A total of 54 subjects participated and each subject performed two simulated injections with each of the three devices. Most subjects preferred the two-step device (88.9%) to the three-step (13.0%) and the reloadable (1.9%). The two-step device had higher mean overall preference ratings (F (2, 159)=56.6, P<0.01) and higher ratings for ease of use, intuitiveness, convenience, portability, and control. The two-step device had a first injection full-dose delivery success rate of 44.4%, higher than both the reloadable (24.1%) and the three-step (3.7%) devices. The number of errors with the two-step device (n=3) was ~90% lower than the three-step (n=49) and reloadable (n=44) devices.
imitrex generic price
In the comparison with commercially available intranasal sumatriptan 20 mg, DFN-02 had a more rapid absorption profile; tmax was 15 minutes for DFN-02 monodose, 10.2 minutes for DFN-02 multidose, and 2.0 hours for commercially available intranasal sumatriptan 20 mg. Compared with 4 and 6 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan, DFN-02's median tmax (10 minutes) was significantly earlier (15 minutes; P < .0001). Mean sumatriptan exposure metrics were similar for DFN-02 and 4 mg sumatriptan: AUC0-2 : 35.12 and 44.82 ng*hour/mL, respectively; AUC0-∞ : 60.70 and 69.21 ng*hour/mL, respectively; Cmax : 51.79 and 49.07 ng/mL, respectively. With 6 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan, these exposure metrics were about 50% larger (AUC0-2 : 67.17 ng*hour/mL; AUC0-∞ : 103.78 ng*hour/mL; Cmax : 72.75 ng/mL). Inter-subject variability of AUC0-2 , AUC0-∞ , and Cmax was 42-58% for DFN-02, 15-22% for 4 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan, and 15-25% for 6 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan. DDM exposure was low (mean Cmax : 1.63 ng/mL), tmax was 30 minutes, and it was undetectable by 4 hours. There were no serious adverse events, discontinuations due to adverse events, or remarkable findings for vital signs, physical examinations (including nasal and injection site examinations), or clinical laboratory assessments. The overall incidence of adverse events was comparable across treatments, and all treatment-related events were mild in severity. Adverse events occurring in ≥10% of subjects were dysgeusia (19%), headache (18%), nausea (15%), paresthesia (15%), and dizziness (12%).
imitrex stat dose
If you vomit with migraines, get full-blown migraines upon awakening, or want rapid relief without injections, consider a nasal spray. Options include triptans (zolmitriptan [Zomig] or sumatriptan [Imitrex]), DHE (Migranal), or an NSAID (Sprix).
imitrex 100mg tablet
To provide medication price data and cost-reducing strategies for the acute treatment of migraine.
imitrex 25mg tab
In healthy subjects, DFN-02, an intranasal spray containing 10 mg sumatriptan plus DDM, had a more rapid absorption profile than commercially available intranasal sumatriptan 20 mg, and systemic exposure from a single-dose administration of DFN-02 was similar to 4 mg SC sumatriptan and two-thirds that of 6 mg SC sumatriptan. With DFN-02, plasma sumatriptan peaked 5 minutes earlier than with both subcutaneous formulations. Systemic exposure to sumatriptan was similar with DFN-02 and 4 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan; both yielded lower systemic exposure than 6 mg subcutaneous sumatriptan. Systemic exposure to DFN-02's excipient DDM was short-lived. DFN-02's safety and tolerability appear to be comparable to subcutaneous sumatriptan. Addition of a permeation enhancer improved the absorption profile compared with commercially available intranasal sumatriptan 20 mg.
In this human factors study, 54 migraineurs used simulated injections to compare three sumatriptan subcutaneous delivery devices. Zembrace SymTouch, a two-step device, was most preferred compared with Sumavel DosePro and Imitrex STATdose. It also ranked highest for ease of use and various other measures. In this study, migraine patients preferred the autoinjector that they rated as simpler and more intuitive.
imitrex subcutaneous dose
Sumatriptan (Imitrex), a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonist, has been found to be of therapeutic benefit in the acute management of migraine. There is no information on the transfer of this agent across the human placenta. Accordingly, the current study assessed the transport of this drug across the normal term human placenta, using the isolated perfused single cotyledon technique. We found that only about 15% of a single dose of the agent placed in the maternal reservoir crossed into the fetal compartment over 4 hr. Given the average elimination half-life of 2 hr for sumatriptan, it is evident that only very small amounts of the agent will cross from mother to fetus after single doses of Imitrex. Only the parent drug entered the fetal compartment. Metabolites were not detected in the perfusates, but there was evidence of some metabolism of sumatriptan in the placenta. The nature of the metabolites has not been determined. The mechanism of transfer of the drug across the placenta is passive (i.e., the clearance is similar to L-glucose which is passively transported), the rate of transfer is equal in both directions (maternal to fetal and in the reverse), and the drug does not cross into the fetus against a concentration gradient. This passive transport of sumatriptan across the placenta is consistent with its molecular weight, its water solubility, and its slow penetration across the blood-brain barrier in experimental animals.
imitrex dosage oral
Sumatriptan and butorphanol nasal sprays are commonly used agents for the management of migraine headaches. Under certain circumstances, these two agents may be administered closely in time. However, the possibility of a pharmacokinetic interaction and the safety of this regime have not been examined. In this crossover design study, 24 healthy subjects received the following four treatments, each separated by at least 7 days: 1 mg butorphanol (Stadol NS7); 20 mg sumatriptan (Imitrex Nasal Spray); or both formulations together with butorphanol administered either 1 or 30 min after sumatriptan. Serial plasma samples were collected for 24 h post-dose and analysed for butorphanol and/or sumatriptan by HPLC-MS/MS. Butorphanol plasma concentrations were reduced when it was administered 1 min (mean 28.6% decrease in AUC(0-infinity)), but not 30 min, after sumatriptan. The pharmacokinetics of sumatriptan were not substantially altered by butorphanol. The combination of nasally administered sumatriptan and butorphanol appeared safe. However, if butorphanol nasal spray is administered <30 min after sumatriptan nasal spray, the analgesic effect of butorphanol may be diminished due to reduced nasal absorption resulting from probable transient vasoconstriction of nasal blood vessels by sumatriptan.