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Thirty healthy Chinese male volunteers were enrolled. The serum lipids, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and plasma fibrinogen were determined before and 72 hours after administration of 20 mg of rosuvastatin. The differentially expressed genes of peripheral leukocytes after administration of rosuvastatin were screened using human oligonucleotide microarray gene expression chips. Then four of the differentially expressed genes including ATM, CASP8, IL8RB and S100B were verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
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The primary end point was the occurrence of a first cardiovascular event (myocardial infarction, stroke, arterial revascularization, hospitalization for unstable angina, or death from cardiovascular causes).
This historical cohort included patients with no prior CCD, aged 40-79 years, who initiated statin therapy with rosuvastatin 5 mg or simvastatin 20 mg in 2008-2009 in general practice. Follow-up started after a 1-year period used to select patients who regularly received the initial treatment. In an intention-to-treat analysis, patients were followed up to December 2011. In a per-protocol analysis, they were censored prematurely when they discontinued their initial treatment. Adjustment for baseline covariates (age, deprivation index, comedications, comorbidities, prior hospital admissions) was carried out by a Cox proportional hazards model. In the per-protocol analysis, estimation was done by "inverse probability of censoring weighting" using additional time-dependent covariates. Analyses were gender-specific.
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The COSMOS study will be the first multicenter cardiovascular study in a Japanese population and may provide new evidence on the effects of rosuvastatin on the progression of coronary atherosclerotic lesions.
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(+)-Dapoxetine hydrochloride, (R)-Etodolac; Abatacept, ABT-510, Adalimumab, Agatolimod sodium, Alemtuzumab, Alvocidib hydrochloride, Aminolevulinic acid methyl ester, Aripiprazole, AS01B, AS02B, AS02V, Azacitidine; Becatecarin, Bevacizumab, Bevirimat, Bortezomib, Bremelanotide; CAIV-T, Canfosfamide hydrochloride, CHR-2797, Ciclesonide, Clevidipine; Darbepoetin alfa, Decitabine, Degarelix acetate, Dendritic cell-based vaccine, Denosumab, Desloratadine, DMXB-Anabaseine, Duloxetine hydrochloride, Dutasteride; Ecogramostim, Eicosapentaenoic acid/docosahexaenoic acid, Eletriptan, Enzastaurin hydrochloride, Erlotinib hydrochloride, Escitalopram oxalate, Etoricoxib, Everolimus, Ezetimibe, Ezetimibe/simvastatin; Ferumoxytol, Fesoterodine fumarate, Fulvestrant; Gefitinib, GM-CSF DNA, GSK-690693; H5N1 avian flu vaccine, Hepatitis B hyperimmunoglobulin, Human Fibroblast Growth Factor 1, Hypericin-PVP; Icatibant acetate, Iclaprim, Immunoglobulin intravenous (human), Ipilimumab, ISS-1018; L19-IL-2, Lapuleucel-T, Laropiprant, Liposomal doxorubicin, LP-261, Lumiracoxib, LY-518674; MDV-3100, MGCD-0103, Mirabegron, MyoCell; NASHA/Dx, Niacin/laropiprant; O6-Benzylguanine, Ocrelizumab, Olmesartan medoxomil, Omalizumab; P-276-00, Paclitaxel nanoparticles, Paclitaxel nanoparticles, Padoporfin, Paliperidone, PAN-811, Pegaptanib octasodium, Pegfilgrastim, Pemetrexed disodium, PF-00299804, Pimecrolimus, Prasugrel, Pregabalin; Reolysin, Rimonabant, Rivaroxaban, Rosuvastatin calcium; Satraplatin, SCH-697243,Selenite sodium, Silodosin, Sorafenib, Sunitinib malate; Talarozole, Taxus, Temsirolimus, Tocilizumab, Tolevamer potassium sodium, Tremelimumab, TTP-889; Uracil; V-260, Valsartan/amlodipine besylate, Vardenafil hydrochloride hydrate, Varenicline tartrate, Varespladib, Vitespen, Voclosporin, VX-001; Xience V; Zotarolimus-eluting stent.
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The effects on changes of LPL and EL mass differed depending on the lipid-lowering therapy, which may impact the prevention of atherosclerosis differently.
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Rosuvastatin is a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin) that reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels to the greatest extent of all currently marketed statins. Prospective, randomized studies demonstrate the ability of rosuvastatin to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events and stabilize atherosclerosis. However, the efficacy of rosuvastatin in patient subpopulations (eg, patients with chronic kidney disease, women, ethnic subgroups) is not well described in the literature. To provide an updated, comprehensive review of the efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin, a literature search of PubMed was conducted using statins as a major topic, MESH topic, or a word in the title (including rosuvastatin, fluvastatin, atorvastatin, pitavastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, and simvastatin). Publications selected for inclusion in this review were published from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2013, and provide new information pertaining to the efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin.
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In conclusion, rosuvastatin 5 mg + fenofibric acid 135 mg resulted in comprehensive improvements in the lipid profile of patients with mixed dyslipidemia without unanticipated adverse events.
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Ninety-seven consecutive acute cerebral embolism patients were retrospectively surveyed. All had transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to assess the presence or absence of CAP, defined as aortic wall thickness ≥4 mm or plaque ulceration. Patients received conventional antithrombotic therapy as clinically indicated. All patients with CAP were recommended to receive 5 mg rosuvastatin/day, administered by their attending physicians; not all physicians followed this recommendation. Six-month follow-up TEEs were performed in patients with CAP who received rosuvastatin. Major adverse cerebrovascular events (MACEs) comprised recurrent IS and death.
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Significant PI and mSBI reductions were observed in all three groups. PRF placement significantly enhanced improvements in periodontal parameters compared with OFD alone. Addition of 1.2% RSV gel to PRF resulted in significantly greater CAL gain and PD and IBD depth reductions over 9 months compared with other groups.
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Rosuvastatin, a strong statin, and colestimide, a new anion exchange resin, are both clinically beneficial drugs for treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The main purpose of the study was to compare the effects of rosuvastatin and colestimide on metabolic parameters, adipokines, and markers of oxidative stress and diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes complicated by hyperlipidemia.
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950 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atheroslcerosis (MESA) met all criteria for JUPITER entry. We compared coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease event rates and multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios after stratifying by burden of CAC (scores of 0, 1-100, or >100). We calculated 5-year number needed to treat (NNT) by applying the benefit recorded in JUPITER to the event rates within each CAC strata.
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Lopinavir/ritonavir-containing antiretroviral therapy can cause hyperlipidaemia. However, most statins are contraindicated due to drug-drug interactions. Rosuvastatin undergoes minimal metabolism by CYP450, so no CYP450-based interaction with lopinavir/ritonavir is expected. This study explored the lipid-lowering effect of rosuvastatin and assessed the effect of lopinavir/ritonavir on the pharmacokinetics of rosuvastatin and vice versa.
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At baseline, median (interquartile range) PCSK9 concentrations were higher in women [73 (62-90)] ng/mL than in men [69 (57-81) ng/mL] (P<0.005). During 1 year, there was no change in PCSK9 concentrations in the placebo arm, suggesting stability in time. In contrast, the rosuvastatin increased PCSK9 by 35% in women [101 (82-117) ng/mL] and 28% in men [89 (71-109) ng/mL] (P<0.0001). Among those allocated to rosuvastatin, greater reductions in LDL-C were associated with greater increases in PCSK9 on both absolute and relative scales (r=-0.15, P<0.0005). Furthermore PCSK9 (rs11591147) did not alter the magnitude of LDL-C reduction associated with rosuvastatin use.
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Among participants in the rosuvastatin group, the mean (SD) baseline LDL cholesterol level of 155 (24.1) mg/dL declined to 78 (27.5) mg/dL, a mean reduction of 49% (P<.001 vs placebo group). The change in maximum CIMT for the 12 carotid sites was -0.0014 (95% CI, -0.0041 to 0.0014) mm/y for the rosuvastatin group vs 0.0131 (95% CI, 0.0087-0.0174) mm/y for the placebo group (P<.001). The change in maximum CIMT for the rosuvastatin group was -0.0038 (95% CI, -0.0064 to -0.0013) mm/y for the common carotid artery sites (P<.001), -0.0040 (95% CI, -0.0090 to 0.0010) mm/y for the carotid bulb sites (P<.001), and 0.0039 (95% CI, -0.0009 to 0.0088) mm/y for the internal carotid artery sites (P = .02). The change in mean CIMT for the rosuvastatin group for the common carotid artery sites was 0.0004 (95% CI, -0.0011 to 0.0019) mm/y (P<.001). All P values are vs placebo group. Overall, rosuvastatin was well tolerated with infrequent serious adverse cardiovascular events (6 participants [0.86%] had 8 events [1.1%] over 2 years).
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The human organic anion transporting polypeptide 2B1 (OATP2B1, SLCO2B1) is ubiquitously expressed and may play an important role in the disposition of xenobiotics. The present study aimed to examine the role of OATP2B1 in the intestinal absorption and tissue uptake of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins). We first investigated the functional affinity of statins to the transporter as a function of extracellular pH, using OATP2B1-transfeced HEK293 cells. The results indicate that OATP2B1-mediated transport is significant for rosuvastatin, fluvastatin and atorvastatin, at neutral pH. However, OATP2B1 showed broader substrate specificity as well as enhanced transporter activity at acidic pH. Furthermore, uptake at acidic pH was diminished in the presence of proton ionophore, suggesting proton gradient as the driving force for OATP2B1 activity. Notably, passive transport rates are predominant or comparable to active transport rates for statins, except for rosuvastatin and fluvastatin. Second, we studied the effect of OATP modulators on statin uptake. At pH 6.0, OATP2B1-mediated transport of atorvastatin and cerivastatin was not inhibitable, while rosuvastatin transport was inhibited by E-3-S, rifamycin SV and cyclosporine with IC(50) values of 19.7 ± 3.3 μM, 0.53 ± 0.2 μM and 2.2 ± 0.4 μM, respectively. Rifamycin SV inhibited OATP2B1-mediated transport of E-3-S and rosuvastatin with similar IC(50) values at pH 6.0 and 7.4, suggesting that the inhibitor affinity is not pH-dependent. Finally, we noted that OATP2B1-mediated transport of E-3-S, but not rosuvastatin, is pH sensitive in intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells. However, uptake of E-3-S and rosuvastatin by Caco-2 cells was diminished in the presence of proton ionophore. The present results indicate that OATP2B1 may be involved in the tissue uptake of rosuvastatin and fluvastatin, while OATP2B1 may play a significant role in the intestinal absorption of several statins due to their transporter affinity at acidic pH.
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Randomized controlled and uncontrolled before-and-after trials evaluating the dose response of different fixed doses of rosuvastatin on blood lipids over a duration of three to 12 weeks.
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Our study subjects were treated with rosuvastatin (10 mg/day) over a period of 12 weeks. Blood was collected from these patients periodically and EPC levels were measured along with other biochemical parameters.
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An in vitro drugdrug interaction (DDI) study was performed to assess the potential for pradigastat to inhibit breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP), and organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3) transport activities. To understand the relevance of these in vitro findings, a clinical pharmacokinetic DDI study using rosuvastatin as a BCRP, OATP, and OAT3 probe substrate was conducted.
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To achieve enhanced estimates of rosuvastatin safety relative to other statins, by performing a meta-analysis of four rosuvastatin safety studies.
An integrated database, consisting of 33 trials whose databases were locked up to and including September 16, 2005, was used to examine adverse events and laboratory data.
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Hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are the most common high-risk group to develop heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Recent reports have noted the favorable effect of statins on LVH. We evaluated the effect of rosuvastatin on cardiac remodeling, function, and progression to heart failure in a hypertensive rat model with established LVH. Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed a high-salt diet until 13 weeks of age. After LVH was confirmed by echocardiography, rats were randomly assigned to control and statin treatment (n=18 each group). The statin-treated group was treated with rosuvastatin until 21 weeks of ages. Serial echocardiography, blood pressure monitoring, and miniaturized conductance catheter hemodynamic monitoring were performed at 21 weeks. Echocardiographic parameters were not significantly different between the groups. On hemodynamic monitoring, systolic performance parameters were similar between the groups, whereas end diastolic pressure-volume relationships were lower in the statin-treated group (0.014+/-0.008 versus 0.008+/-0.004 mm Hg/muL, P<0.05), suggesting improvement in myocardial stiffness. Pathological analysis showed attenuation of perivascular and interstitial fibrosis in the statin-treated group (P<0.02). Rosuvastatin therapy did not alleviate LVH in hypertensive rats with established LVH, but it attenuated myocardial fibrosis and LV stiffness. It seems that rosuvastatin has limited therapeutic value when used to prevent progression from LVH to heart failure in hypertensive hearts.
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This work supports the beneficial effects of rosuvastatin on venous thrombosis in mice with hyperlipidemia, due to its non-lipid lowering effects.
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Controversy persists regarding the extent of shared pathways between arterial and venous thrombosis and whether treatments of known efficacy for one disease process have consistent benefits for the other. Observational studies have yielded variable estimates of the effect of statin therapy on the risk of venous thromboembolism, and evidence from randomized trials is lacking.