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Cardura (Doxazosin)

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Cardura is a high-quality medication which is taken in treatment of symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate, hypertension. Cardura acts by relaxing the blood vessels and muscles of bladder and prostate.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Doxazosin, Tamsulosin, Alfuzosin


Also known as:  Doxazosin.


Cardura is a perfect remedy in struggle against hypertension, symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate.

Cardura acts by relaxing the blood vessels and muscles of bladder and prostate.

Cardura is also known as Doxazosin, Carduran, Cascor, Doxadura, Doxacard.

Generic name of Cardura is Doxazosin.

Brand names of Cardura are Cardura, XL Cardura.


Take Cardura tablets orally once a day with or without food in the morning or in the evening, extended-release tablets take once a day with a breakfast.

Do not crush or chew it.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Cardura suddenly.


If you overdose Cardura and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature below 30 degrees C (86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cardura are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Cardura if you are allergic to Cardura components.

Do not take Cardura if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Be careful using Cardura if you take HIV/AIDS medicines (nelfinavir (such as Viracept), atazanavir (such as Reyataz), indinavir (such as Crixivan), saquinavir (such as Invirase, Fortovase), ritonavir (such as Kaletra, Norvir)); clarithromycin (such as Prevpac, Biaxin); ipratropium (such as Atrovent); nefazodone; telithromycin (such as Ketek); voriconazole (such as Vfend); antihistamines; itraconazole (such as Sporanox); ketoconazole (such as Nizoral); ED medicines (vardenafil (such as Levitra); sildenafil (such as Viagra), tadalafil (such as Cialis); high blood pressure medicines; ulcers, irritable bowel disease medicines, urinary medicines, Parkinson's disease, motion sickness medicines.

It can be dangerous to use Cardura if you suffer from or have a history of prostate cancer, chest pain (angina), intestines narrowing or blockage, liver disease, short bowel syndrome, hypertension.

Avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Cardura suddenly.

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After administration of tamsulosin to group I the frequency of bladder contractions decreased significantly and the duration of minimal urethral relaxation with high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) was significantly prolonged. Except for mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), none of the variables in group I differed significantly from those in group II and group III. The change in MAP after tamsulosin treatment was significantly lower than after doxazosin or phentolamine. Except for the maximum Pves, which was significantly higher in males (group IV) than in females of group I, the UPP and Pves curves of male rats were similar to those of females before giving tamsulosin. The prolonged frequency and duration of HFO in group IV (with tamsulosin) were significantly different from those of females.

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These data indicate that the alpha 1-adrenoreceptor blockers, naftopidil and doxazosin, inhibit Ca2+ mobilization, this mechanism being possibly the means whereby these drugs inhibit platelet aggregation.

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We analyzed the prescriptions of alpha-blockers and phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors (PDE5Is) in the urology department as well as in other departments of the general hospital.

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The addition of CKD status and stratification by race does not improve risk prediction in high-risk hypertensive patients.

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The effect of nifedipine on pressor dose-response curves to phenylephrine, alpha-methylnoradrenaline and angiotensin II was determined in anaesthetized cats pretreated with propranolol and atropine. The selectivity of phenylephrine and alpha-methylnoradrenaline for postjunctional alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors respectively was demonstrated by using the selective alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist doxazosin and the relatively selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist rauwolscine. Nifedipine infused intravenously produced a degree of inhibition of rises in diastolic blood pressure similar to that induced by all three agonists. It is concluded that alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptor activation induced by phenylethanolamine derivatives is equally dependent on extracellular calcium for vascular smooth muscle contraction. Antagonism of sympathetically mediated or angiotensin-induced vasoconstriction could contribute to the vasodilator effects of nifedipine.

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The study was performed in untreated SHRs (n=16) and SHRs that were orally treated with doxazosin (10 mg/kg body weight per day, for 15 days), a selective alpha1-receptor blocker (n=16). A group of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats (n=16) was used as the control.

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Twenty patients with essential hypertension were randomised to a 7-week period of dose titration with doxazosin, 1-8mg/day or enalapril, 5-20mg/day. In a further 7-week period the dosage level reached with the initial drug was halved, and titration with the second agent was carried out. Blood pressure responses at the end of each treatment period were assessed by clinic measurements made 24 hours post-dose. In the first treatment period, enalapril (mean dose 19mg/day) reduced serum free ACE activity by 40% and had a greater effect than doxazosin (mean dose 5.2mg/day) on clinic supine blood pressure (systolic and diastolic). In the second period, the addition of enalapril to doxazosin was associated with a significant fall in clinic standing blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), despite the doxazosin dose reduction and consequent decrease in median plasma doxazosin concentration (from 10.6 to 5.2ng/ml). Alternatively, when doxazosin was added to enalapril, free ACE activity remained 40% decreased despite enalapril dose reduction, and blood pressure was not further affected. Plasma renin activity was increased by enalapril. No changes were observed in plasma aldosterone or lipid concentrations with either drug. The combination of doxazosin and enalapril was well tolerated and lowered blood pressure overall. Judged by clinic measurements 24 hours post-dose, most of the antihypertensive effect was attributable to the enalapril component. However, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 0-12 hours post-dose in a subset of patients suggested a contribution of doxazosin earlier in the dose interval.

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We studied doxazosin (1-8 mg) and bendrofluazide (2.5 mg) in patients of British South Asian origin with existing mild to moderate hypertension (doxazosin n = 78; bendrofluazide n = 82), to compare their effects on glucose and lipid metabolism in this group.

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This is the first set of studies that reports the novel anti-inflammatory effects of doxazosin.

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ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) is a rate-limiting factor for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) biogenesis. The ABCA1 gene expression is known to be upregulated by various transcriptional factors. However, negative regulation factors would be better targets for pharmacological modulation of HDL biogenesis. Doxazosin, an alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blocker, increased ABCA1 mRNA, its protein, and apolipoprotein A-I-mediated HDL biogenesis in THP-1 macrophages and CHO-K1 cells, independent of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blockade. Analysis of the human ABCA1 promoter indicated that the region between the positions -368 and -147 that contains an activator protein (AP)2-binding site responsible for the effects of doxazosin. Overexpression of AP2alpha inhibited ABCA1 transcription in a dose-dependent fashion. Mutation in the AP2-binding site caused increase of the basal promoter activity and cancelling both the transactivation by doxazosin and the trans-repression by AP2alpha. Doxazosin had no effect on ABCA1 mRNA level in HepG2 cells, which lack endogenous AP2alpha, and it reversed the inhibitory effect of AP2alpha expression in this type of cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and gel shift assays revealed that doxazosin reduced specific binding of AP2alpha to the ABCA1 promoter, as it suppressed phosphorylation of AP2alpha. Finally, doxazosin increased ABCA1 expression and plasma HDL in mice. We thus concluded that AP2alpha negatively regulates the ABCA1 gene transcription. Doxazosin inhibits AP2alpha activity independent of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor blockade and increases the ABCA1 expression and HDL biogenesis. AP2alpha is a potent pharmacological target for the increase of HDL.

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In the future, the number of older men in the US will increase dramatically. Likely the percentage of patients undergoing surgical treatment such as TURP will decrease but the absolute number having surgery will increase. It is also likely that alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists will be used with greater frequency in the future and finasteride will be used less frequently. Copyrightz1999S.KargerAG,Basel

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MEN2 patients with pheochromocytoma, despite their smaller tumors, do not distinguish themselves from non-MEN patients in terms of hypertensive episodes during pheochromocytoma resection. Therefore, pretreatment with α- and β-blockade remains the standard of care in MEN2-related as well as in non-MEN-related pheochromocytomas.

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Alpha-blockers were prescribed to 11,436 patients in total over 3 years, and the total frequency of prescriptions was 68,565. Among other departments, the nephrology department had the highest frequency of prescription of 3,225 (4.7%), followed by the cardiology (3,101, 4.5%), neurology (2,576, 3.8%), endocrinology (2,400, 3.5%), pulmonology (1,102, 1.6%), and family medicine (915, 1.3%) departments in order. PDE5Is were prescribed to 2,854 patients in total over 3 years, and the total frequency of prescriptions was 10,558. The prescription frequency from the urology department was 4,900 (46.4%). Among other departments, the endocrinology department showed the highest prescription frequency of 3,488 (33.0%), followed by the neurology (542, 5.1%), cardiology (467, 4.4%), and family medicine (407, 3.9%) departments in order.

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Baseline subject characteristics were comparable. Thirty subjects entered the study: 8 subjects in DOX-slow, 9 subjects in DOX-fast, and 13 subjects in placebo. Total number of cocaine-negative urines was significantly increased in the DOX-fast group; and percentage of total cocaine-negative urines by group were 10% for DOX-slow group, 35% for DOX-fast group, and 14% for placebo (χ(2)=36.3, df=2, p<0.0001). The percentage of participants achieving two or more consecutive weeks of abstinence by group was 0% for DOX-slow group, 44% for DOX-fast group, and 7% for placebo (χ(2)=7.35, df=2, p<0.023).

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The antihypertensive efficacy, safety, and lipid effects of doxazosin, a selective alpha 1-inhibitor, were assessed in a general practice setting. Three hundred twenty-six patients were entered into the study, which involved three phases: (1) a 2-week baseline period, (2) an 8-week period in which patients received 1 to 8 mg of doxazosin once daily, and (3) a 4-week maintenance period. After 12 weeks, 78.8% of efficacy-evaluable patients were considered therapy successes (sitting diastolic blood pressure either less than or equal to 90 mm Hg with greater than or equal to 5 mm Hg reduction from baseline or greater than or equal to 10 mm Hg reduction from baseline). The mean daily dose in patients considered a therapy success was 2.8 mg. By the final visit, sitting systolic/diastolic blood pressures of these patients were reduced by 16.4/13.5 mm Hg from a mean baseline of 170/106 mm Hg. The investigators' global assessment of efficacy of once-daily doxazosin therapy was excellent or good for 70% of patients. Of the 326 patients, 30.7% reported a total of 160 side effects; 78% of the side effects were mild or moderate in severity, and 24 patients (7.4%) discontinued treatment because of adverse experiences. The investigators' global assessment of toleration was excellent or good for 87% of patients. Doxazosin produced a significant decrease in total cholesterol (p = 0.02) and triglyceride (p less than 0.001) levels. From baseline to final visit there was also a highly significant reduction of 17% (p less than 0.001) in calculated risk score for coronary heart disease on the basis of the Framingham Heart Study risk equation.

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To study the clinical effects of kidney-tonifying and dampness-expelling Chinese herbal medicine combined with doxazosin in the treatment of chronic epididymitis.

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Better knowledge of prevalence and early-stage determinants of subclinical left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) in type 2 diabetes would be useful to design prevention strategies. The objective of the LVD in Diabetes (DYDA) study was to assess these points in patients without established cardiac disease.

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Adult Wistar rats were treated with doxazosin (25mg/kg/day), and the ventral prostates were excised at 7 and 30days after treatment. Untreated rats were controls. Ventral prostates were subjected to ultrastructural, immunohistochemical, biochemical and molecular analyses.

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Collagen (5 microg/ml) stimulation of washed platelets increased endogenous serotonin (5-HT) release to the medium from 13.88 1.39 to 188.67 26.37 pmol/108 platelets ( P < 0.001). Adrenaline (16 microM) also increased 5-HT release, from 11.0 1.46 to 110.6 29.9 pmol/108 platelets ( P < 0.02). Naftopidil enhanced collagen-induced 5-HT efflux; significant increases occurred with 2 microM (+71.6%, P < 0.01), 10 microM (+89.1%, P < 0.01) and 40 microM (+69.7%, P < 0.01). With 0.4 muM and 2 microM naftopidil, adrenaline-induced 5-HT release was enhanced, albeit non-significantly, whilst with 10 microM and 40 muM naftopidil release was reduced (40 microM,-58.5%, P < 0.05). Doxazosin increased collagen-induced 5-HT release, significant increases being recorded with 7.5 microM (+81.7%, P < 0.05) and 30 microM (+78.4%, P < 0.05). Adrenaline-induced 5-HT release was also increased by doxazosin, but not significantly. Collagen-stimulated 5-HT release was inhibited by nifedipine (7 microM,-38.8%, P < 0.05; 28 microM, -61.2%, P < 0.001). These data suggest that the-antagonists, naftopidil and doxazosin, and the Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, influence agonist-induced platelet 5-HT release through different mechanisms. Thus naftopidil and doxazosin may possess 5-HT transporter-blocking activity. The observation that naftopidil inhibited, adrenaline-induced 5-HT release may indicate that naftopidil also inhibits adrenaline uptake and exchange with dense granular 5-HT, with consequent inhibition of 5-HT release and platelet aggregation. The data obtained with nifedipine are consistent with 5-HT release being reduced as a result of its inhibitory action on platelet Ca2+ mobilisation.

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The efficacy and safety of doxazosin treatment for BPH were confirmed in this Asian population. Significant improvements in total IPSS, as well as obstructive and irritative subscores, were observed.

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cardura medication 2017-11-28

As men age, the incidence of both benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and hypertension increases. Concomitant occurrence of these conditions also increases with age, and the 2 are frequently encountered together in primary care practice. In addition, many patients with hypertension require >1 antihypertensive agent to adequately control blood pressure. In a multicenter, community-based, 8-week, uncontrolled, open-label study, we evaluated doxazosin, a selective alpha1-adrenergic-receptor antagonist, in 491 patients with concomitant symptomatic BPH (American Urological Association [AUA] symptom score > or =12) and hypertension, some previously untreated and some with inadequately controlled hypertension (systolic blood pressure 120-179 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] 80-109 mm Hg) despite taking 1 or 2 antihypertensive agents. Patients were allocated to 1 of 4 groups at baseline according to their diastolic blood pressure (control was considered DBP <90 mm Hg) and whether they had received antihypertensive medication before the study. Thus the 4 groups were treated/well-controlled, treated/poorly controlled, untreated/hypertensive, and untreated/normotensive. In all patient groups, doxazosin therapy significantly improved AUA total symptom and bothersomeness scores and BPH-specific indices of health status and interference with activities (P<0.001). Significant improvements in BPH symptoms were observed with doxazosin, regardless of whether initial symptoms were moderate or severe (P<0.001). Clinically important blood pressure lowering occurred only in the patient groups in which blood pressure had been elevated at baseline. Patients whose blood pressure was poorly controlled at baseline, either without or with treatment (predominantly with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or calcium channel blockers), achieved adequate blood pressure control (reduction to <140/90 mm Hg) with the addition of doxazosin. Similar improvements in blood pressure and BPH symptoms were seen in both older (> or =65 years) and younger (45 to 64 years) patients, and doxazosin was well tolerated by both groups. The most frequent treatment-related adverse event was dizziness (13.0% of patients); however, patients classified the dizziness as mild in approximately 75% of reports, buy cardura and severe dizziness was reported by only 2 patients (0.4%). Doxazosin is an effective antihypertensive agent when used in combination with agents from other antihypertensive classes in patients with poorly controlled hypertension and BPH, and is also successful as monotherapy for controlling both BPH and hypertension in patients with mild to moderate hypertension.

cardura reviews 2016-08-26

Effects of doxasozine and atenolol on hemodynamics and myocardial ischemia were studied in 20 males (mean age 52.5 +/- 5.3 years) who had survived macrofocal myocardial infarction associated with arterial hypertension stage I-II. The treatment efficacy was assessed clinically, by functional and radionuclide tests. A new long-acting alpha 1-adrenoblocker doxasozine was given in a mean dose 4-8 mg/day. A course of this treatment lowered systolic arterial pressure by 8.3% and diastolic buy cardura one by 8.1%. As all the patients developed sinus tachycardia on day 5-10 of doxasozine treatment, the patients received additionally beta 1-adrenoblocker atenolol (12.5-25 mg/day) which adequately controlled heart rate. The combined therapy reduced frequency and severity of angina by 34.7%, 24-h need in nitroglycerine by 37.9%, exercise tolerance--by 18.4% as well as improved myocardial perfusion. Patients with concomitant benign prostatic hyperplasia showed attenuation of disuric disorders. Side effects (vertigo, anxiety) occurred in 3 cases (15%), but were not severe enough to demand the treatment discontinuation.

cardura drug class 2016-06-14

The adaptive changes that develop in the pressure-overloaded left ventricular (LV) myocardium include cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. Although the former is known to buy cardura depend to a sizeable extent on sympathetic (over)activity, little information exists whether the same applies to the latter, ie, whether excess catecholamine exposure contributes to the imbalance between collagen deposition by fibroblasts and degradation by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), eventually leading to LV collagen accumulation. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to abdominal aortic banding (B) or sham operation (S) and treated with beta-blockade (Bb, oral propranolol, 40 mg/kg per day), chemical sympathectomy (Sx, 6-hydroxydopamine, 150 mg/kg intraperitoneal twice per week) or vehicle (Vh). Ten weeks later, systolic blood pressure, LV weight, collagen abundance (computer-aided histology), zymographic matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 activity and its specific tissue inhibitor concentration (TIMP-2) were measured. Both sympathectomy and beta-blockade failed to attenuate the banding-induced blood pressure elevation but significantly attenuated the attendant LV hypertrophy. As expected, pressure-overload hypertrophy was associated with interstitial fibrosis (collagen: 4.37+/-1.23% BVh versus 1.23+/-0.44% SVh, P<0.05), which was abolished by sympathectomy (2.55+/-1.31%, P=not significant versus SSx) but left unchanged by beta-blockade (4.11+/-1.23%, P<0.05 versus both SBb and BSx). beta-blockade, but not sympathectomy, was also associated with an increased TIMP-2/MMP-2 ratio (P<0.05), indicating reduced interstitial collagenolytic activity. In separate groups of banded and sham-operated rats, treatment with the alpha-receptor blocker doxazosin (10 mg/kg per day) displayed similar antifibrotic and biochemical effects as sympathectomy. Thus in the course of experimental pressure overload, the sympathetic nervous system plays a major pro-fibrotic role, which is mediated via alpha-adrenergic but not beta-adrenergic receptors.

cardura dosage information 2016-03-27

Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with buy cardura nonselective alpha1 antagonists such as terazosin, doxazosin, and prazosin results in blood pressure reduction due to vasodilation.

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The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial is a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled clinical trial with a mean follow-up of 4.9 years. Participant enrollment began in February 1994 and follow-up was completed buy cardura in March 2002.

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Monotherapy with tonocardin (2-8 mg/day) is effective and safe buy cardura in the treatment of arterial hypertension in NIDDM patients.

cardura dosage range 2015-08-23

A series of 1-aminoalkyl-pyrrolo[2,3-c]azepin-8-one derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as alpha 1 adrenergic and serotonin 2 (5-HT2) receptor antagonists, with the aim of finding a novel antihypertensive agent potently exhibiting both activities. Some compounds with a 4-[4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)piperidino]butyl group at the 1-position exhibited both activities, and varied significantly in terms of the substituents at the 4-position of the pyrroloazepine ring. Among the compounds obtained in this study, (E)-1-[4-[4 buy cardura -(4-fluorobenzoyl)piperidino]-butyl]-4-hydroxyimino-7- methyl-1,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydropyrrolo[2,3-c]azepin-8-one (15a, SUN9221) displayed potent alpha 1-adrenergic antagonistic activity (pA2 = 8.89 +/- 0.21) and 5-HT2 antagonistic activity (pA2 = 8.74 +/- 0.22) in isolated guinea pig arteries. This compound exhibited antihypertensive activity and a duration of action equivalent to orally administered prazosin or doxazosin, 3 mg/kg, in conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats, as well as potent antiplatelet aggregation activity.

cardura 2 mg 2016-01-17

This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the use of doxazosin as an add-on therapy for inadequately controlled hypertension. Patients with a sitting diastolic blood pressure (BP) of 95 to 115 mm Hg received either doxazosin (n = 38) or placebo (n = 32) in addition to one or two baseline antihypertensive medications. After an upward titration period, patients were maintained on a fixed dosage of doxazosin (1 to 16 mg/day) or matching placebo for 4 weeks. Doxazosin add-on therapy led to improvements, compared with placebo, in sitting systolic BP (adjusted mean change = -20.9 v -8.5 mm Hg, P = .001), sitting diastolic BP (-13.0 v -8.1 mm Hg, P = .026), and standing systolic BP (-22.0 v buy cardura -11.5 mm Hg, P = .011). Baseline antihypertensive therapy was gradually tapered or discontinued in patients who achieved a target reduction in BP (sitting diastolic BP of < 90 mm Hg in addition to a minimum improvement of 10 mm Hg in sitting diastolic BP over baseline) with add-on therapy (55% [n = 21] with doxazosin, 31% [n = 10] with placebo). Twelve patients in the doxazosin group maintained the target reduction in BP after complete withdrawal of their baseline antihypertensive therapy, compared with none in the placebo group. A small but statistically significant positive effect on the lipid profile was seen in the doxazosin group during add-on therapy. Doxazosin treatment was well tolerated, with an adverse event profile similar to that of placebo. These findings demonstrate that doxazosin add-on therapy is an effective, well-tolerated treatment strategy for patients with inadequately controlled hypertension.

cardura generic price 2016-03-02

Evidence supports a role for the noradrenergic system in alcohol drinking in animals and humans. Our previous studies demonstrated the efficacy of prazosin, an α1-adrenergic antagonist, in decreasing alcohol drinking in rat models of alcohol dependence. Prazosin has also been shown to decrease alcohol drinking in treatment-seeking alcohol-dependent men. Clinically, the use of prazosin is limited by the requirement for multiple daily administrations, whereas doxazosin, a structurally similar α1-adrenergic antagonist, requires only once-daily dosing. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that buy cardura doxazosin, like prazosin, would decrease alcohol drinking in rats selectively bred for alcohol preference (P line).

cardura 2mg tablet 2015-08-02

This is an open non-comparative study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of doxazosin mesilate in 540 subjects with either history or newly diagnosed mild/moderate hypertension. In all adult subjects of both sexes enrolled in this study, the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was in the range of 95-115 mmHg at two different measurements both in clino- and orthostatism, in the absence of any heart pathology. Those patients who, after one-week wash-out period, reported DPB > or = 95 mmHg, were given doxazosin as a single daily dose. The initial dosage was 1 mg for three days; afterwards, patients have been instructed to take a whole 2 mg tablet in the morning up to the following visit (i.e. 14 days after the first administration). In case < or = 90 mmHg DBP control could not be obtained, the dosage has been increased to 4 mg and if after the same interval of time (i.e. 14 days) DPB control could not be achieved, the dosage was increased up to 8 mg (2 x 4 mg tablets) and/or the concomitant administration of another antihypertensive drug was instituted. At the beginning and at the end of the study blood collection for lipid profile determinations (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides), routine tests and complete urinalysis were performed. The onset of side-effects was reported in 84 (15.5%) subjects and only 13 (2.4%) of them had to discontinue the therapy. A comparative analysis of the incidence of side-effects between the total number of patients and those aged > or = 65 yrs. has not shown a significant difference. At week 24, a total of 540 subjects had completed the treatment. BP value normalization has been achieved with a mean dosage of 3.1 +/- 1.2 mg/day of doxazosin. Doxazosin administration did not produce clinically significant effects on heart rate. Laboratory data have evidenced buy cardura a statistically significant increase in HDL cholesterol (p < 0.0001) and a significant reduction of mean values of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglycerides (p < 0.0001) at week 24, with respect to baseline. In the group of patients aged > or = 65 yrs. (116 patients) only a delta/percentage variation of HDL cholesterol with respect to baseline has been evidenced, after 24 weeks of treatment.

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The primary outcome measure was fatal CHD or nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), analyzed by intent to treat; secondary outcome measures included all-cause mortality, stroke, and combined CVD (CHD death, nonfatal buy cardura MI, stroke, angina, coronary revascularization, congestive heart failure [CHF], and peripheral arterial disease); compared by the chlorthalidone group vs the doxazosin group.

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To report the development of morbilliform buy cardura rash and serotonin toxicity after the addition of milnacipran to a patient's medication therapy.

cardura generic name 2016-02-22

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the addition of doxazosin in the treatment of hypertensive patients who are being treated on another antihypertensive drug. The open-labeled, noncomparative, multicenter study was carried out in 2363 male hypertensive outpatients > 40 years of age, under reasonable control with single antihypertensive drug treatment (diastolic blood pressure < 95 mm Hg), and diagnosed with benign prostatic hypertrophy. Doxazosin was started at a dose of 1 mg/day, which was increased at 2-week intervals to 2 mg/day and 4 mg/day. The study lasted 14 weeks. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at each of the visits. At baseline and after 14 weeks of treatment, prostatism symptoms were quantified with the International Prostate Symptom Score and quality of life was determined with the American Urology Association Committee Guidelines. Adverse effects were recorded. At the fourth visit, when the patients were taking 4 mg of doxazosin, the blood pressure reduction was 10.7 +/- 3/7.1 +/- 7.1 mm Hg. The decrease in diastolic blood pressure was significantly more marked in patients treated with beta blockers than in patients on calcium antagonists or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. For systolic blood pressure, decreases were larger in patients treated with diuretics than with calcium antagonists or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Prostatism symptoms buy cardura decreased from 15 +/- 5.8 points to 7.9 +/- 4.3 points (p is less than 0.001) and quality of life improved. Tolerability was good, with only a 4.4% cumulative incidence of adverse effects related to doxazosin. The patients who experienced adverse effects were older and their final blood pressures were lower. The results of this open-label study suggest that the addition of doxazosin to another antihypertensive drug in hypertensive patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy is well tolerated and leads to a reduction in prostatic symptoms. The additional beneficial effects on blood pressure suggest that the use of doxazosin may provide a rational approach to this category of patients.(c)2001 Le Jacq Communications, Inc.

cardura 400 mg 2016-06-06

Doxazosin triggers apoptosis via an imprecisely defined receptor mechanism that is related to tumor necrosis factor receptors (TNFRs). The aim of this study was buy cardura to determine CD95, TNFR-1, TNFR-2, CD40 expression in primary prostate epithelial cultures incubated with doxazosin. Epithelial cultures were cultivated from 10 benign prostate hyperplasia patients. The cells were incubated with 20, 50 and 80 microM of doxazosin. Apoptosis was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The cells were analyzed for expression of FAS, CD40, TNFR-1 and TNFR-2 by flow cytometry. Early apoptotic cells were present in all groups. A positive correlation was noticed between doxazosin dose and TNFR-1-, -2-positive cells. A decrease of CD40-positive cell population was observed in the lowest concentration. A decrease of mean fluorescence intensity signal of CD40 and CD95 was observed in the lowest concentration. Doxazosin-triggered apoptosis was dose-independent. The initiation of apoptosis was a result of receptors 'crosstalk' rather than a single receptor pathway activation. TNF receptor self-assembly process should be checked as a potential mechanism leading to apoptosis after doxazosin treatment.

cardura 50 mg 2015-01-23

Oral treatment of the TRAMP mice with doxazosin for 45-81 days did not decrease the size of preexisting prostate tumors, but it limited the metastasis to peri-aortic lymph nodes. A prolonged treatment of TRAMP mice with doxazosin (156-196 days), if administered early, decreased the prostate tumor weight and completely suppressed metastasis. The doxazosin treatment did not further decrease the expression of an already low level of Bcl-2 in all prostate tumors, but it increased the expression of Bax, and the activation of caspase-3, and the cleavage Imodium Prescription Dosage of a downstream substrate, PARP. The treatment reduced the expression of MUC18, phospho (Ser473)-AKT, and Ki-67. The treatment in the early phase appeared to promote prostate tumor growth and increased the expression of a proliferative index, Ki-67.

cardura prostate medication 2017-06-01

Systematic review identified ten clinical trials evaluating alpha blocker therapy for patients with CP/CPPS, including five open-label or small prospective studies and five Augmentin Es Suspension double-blinded and placebo-controlled clinical trials.

cardura generic 2017-08-04

Layered drug delivery carriers are current targets of nanotechnology studies since they are able to accommodate pharmacologically active Cleocin Alcohol substances and are effective at modulating drug release. Sodium montmorillonite (Na-MMT) is a clay that has suitable properties for developing new pharmaceutical materials due to its high degree of surface area and high capacity for cation exchange. Therefore Na-MMT is a versatile material for the preparation of new drug delivery systems, especially for slow release of protonable drugs. Herein, we describe the intercalation of several amine-containing drugs with Na-MMT so we can derive a better understanding of how these drugs molecules interact with and distribute throughout the Na-MMT interlayer space. Therefore, for this purpose nine sodium montmorillonite/amine-containing drugs complexes (Na-MMT/drug) were prepared and characterized. In addition, the physicochemical properties of the drugs molecules in combination with different experimental conditions were assessed to determine how these factors influenced experimental outcomes (e.g. increase of the interlayer spacing versus drugs arrangement and orientation). We also performed a molecular modeling study of these amine-containing drugs associated with different Na-MMT/drug complex models to analyze the orientation and arrangement of the drugs molecules in the complexes studied. Six amine-containing drugs (rivastigmine, doxazosin, 5-fluorouracil, chlorhexidine, dapsone, nystatin) were found to successfully intercalate Na-MMT. These findings provide important insights on the interlayer aspect of the molecular systems formed and may contribute to produce more efficient drug delivery nanosystems.

cardura medication dosage 2017-05-12

We report two patients whose acute soft-tissue and tendon defects in the hand were treated with a dorsalis pedis tendocutaneous delayed arterialized venous flap between 1994 and 1997. The surviving surface area was 100 percent in both patients. The flap sizes were 10 x 10 cm and 6 x 6 cm. At 2 weeks postoperatively, active flexion and passive extension commenced, and progressive resistance exercises were performed for an additional 5 weeks. Flaps showed a similar color match and skin texture compared with the normal skin of the hand. Advantages of the tendocutaneous delayed arterialized venous flap are that a larger flap can be obtained than when using a pure venous flap or arterialized venous flap; the survival rate of the arterialized venous flap increases, which permits the use of a composite flap; the main artery of the donor site is preserved; thin, nonbulky tissue is used; and elevation is easy, without deep dissection. The disadvantages are the two-stage operation, donor-site scarring, and Kemadrin 5 Mg weak extension of the toes.

cardura general dosage 2015-05-14

alpha(1)-Adrenoceptor antagonists such as alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin and terazosin are first-line agents for the Omnicef Generic treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but are only second-line agents (doxazosin and terazosin only) for the treatment of arterial hypertension. Sexual function is complex and includes multiple domains such as sexual desire (libido), erectile function and ejaculatory function. Erectile and ejaculatory functions are frequently reduced in patients with BPH and can impact on their quality of life. Therefore, the treatment of BPH should aim to maintain or even restore sexual function.alpha(1)-Adrenoceptor antagonists lack major effects on sexual desire in placebo-controlled studies. Reports on erectile function are inconsistent, with both beneficial and adverse effects being reported, but impotence can occur in some patients without clear differences between drugs. Ejaculatory dysfunction during treatment may represent (relative) an ejaculation. It occurs more frequently with tamsulosin than with other drugs of this class, but the differences are not big enough to be consistently detectable in directly comparative studies. We propose that such differences between drugs should be weighed against differences in cardiovascular tolerability when choosing the optimal treatment for each patient.

cardura tablet uses 2017-02-14

In patients with a small prostate (baseline TPV less than 25 ml) combination therapy was no better than doxazosin alone for decreasing the risk of clinical progression of Cialis Drug Impotence BPH and need for invasive therapy as well as improving AUA SS and the maximum urinary flow rate. However, in patients with moderate size (25 to less than 40 ml) or enlarged (40 ml or greater) glands combination therapy led to a clinical benefit in these outcomes that was superior to that of doxazosin or finasteride.

cardura xl dosage 2017-09-27

The pre- and post-treatment NIH-CPSI scores were (23.9 +/- 3.8) and (5.2 +/- 3.1) (P < 0.01) in the treatment goup and (24.5 +/- 4.3) and (11.6 +/- 3.4) (P < 0.01) in the control; the pre- and post-treatment scores on NIH-CPSI pain symptoms were (16.5 +/- 1.9) and (3.1 +/- 2.2) (P < 0.01) in the former and (15.9 +/- 1.7) and (8.2 +/- 2.0) (P < 0.01) in the latter. The total score on NIH-CPSI and that on NIH-CPSI pain symptoms were both Hyzaar Generic Medication significantly higher in the treatment group than in the control (P < 0.01). Within the treatment group, the score on NIH-CPSI pain symptoms was even more significantly improved in patients with the first attacks than in those already treated by other means (P < 0.01). No adverse effects were observed in either of the groups.

cardura xl tablets 2015-05-24

An active component in the tablet Cardura XL is doxazosine. Doxazosine belongs to the third generation of alpha 1-adrenolytics. It is a blocker of post-synaptic alpha 1-receptors both in humans and in animals. It is a long acting preparation. A tablet cover of Cardura XL is built of two layers (GITS system). It has enabled administration of doxazosine once a day. A great advance of the GITS system is a verly slow and systematic release of the drug from the tablet. This release is independent of pH of gastro-intestinal content or peristalsis. After administration of the tablet of Cardura XL, over 85% of the drug is released after 12 hours and the release ends after 12-16 hours. Maximal serum drug level after administration of doxazosine GITS is observed after 14-16 hours. Higher maximal serum drug level is achieved when the drug is administered together with a meal. Using doxazosine in the GITS form, minimal and maximal serum drug levels during the whole 24 hours differ non significantly. GITS technology enabled achieving stable daily serum drug concentration. Introducing doxazosine GITS caused: 1. decrease of Cmax; 2. elongation of Tmax; and 3. decrease of Cmin compared to doxazosine. It became possible due to gradual absorption of the preparation from gastrointestinal tract and improved coefficient of the drug fluctuation. It should be stated that the described pharmacological differences of doxazosine GITS in younger and elderly, in female and male patients do not influence significantly initial dosing of the drug. Stenosis of the gastrointestinal tract or chronic diarrhea affecting bowel passage of the drug, change its therapeutic effect. An effect of doxazosine GITS, doxazosine and placebo on blood pressure was studied in 392 patients with mild and moderate hypertension (< or = 220/95-115 mm Hg). Doxazosine GITS similarly to doxazosine effectively decreases blood pressure. The value of diastolic blood pressure decrease increases together with the therapy duration. Use of the unique GITS technology assures stable daily serum drug concentration. It results in: mild but permanent decrease of the blood pressure, decreased risk of side-effects, including orthostatic hypotony. Based on the performed post-registration studies it should be stated that doxazosine GITS is not only a very effective but also a safe preparation, which may be administered once daily. The treatment should be initialized with a dose of 4 mg daily. In Artane 4 Mg as much as 60% of the patients with mild or moderate arterial hypertension, an initial dose (4 mg of Cardura XL) effectively lowers blood pressure. Taking into consideration unique features of the described preparation, it is worth thinking of Cardura XL while initializing or switching therapy in hypertensive patients. Cardura XL, due to favourable metabolic effects as well as the unique GITS technology seems to be the drug particularly suitable in hypertensive patients with accompanying dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus type 2 and/or benign prostata hypertrophy.

cardura 3 mg 2015-10-24

1. We have previously shown that among alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonists used or investigated for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, tamsulosin discriminates alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes in rat tissues whereas alfuzosin and naftopidil do not. We now expand these studies to additional drugs (doxazosin, terazosin) being used and/or investigated for this purpose, and have evaluated all of these drugs at cloned subtypes and in human prostate. 2. Competition binding studies were performed with [3H]-prazosin in membrane samples from rat spleen, kidney and cerebral cortex and human prostate and with cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptors expressed in COS cells. Doxazosin and terazosin did not discriminate alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes in rat kidney and cerebral cortex. In contrast, the subtypes present in the tissues were well discriminated by the alpha 1A-adrenoceptor-selective reference drug WB 4101. 3. Alfuzosin, doxazosin, naftopidil and terazosin did not discriminate cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes transiently expressed in COS cells whereas tamsulosin and WB 4101 did. 4. In human prostate, alfuzosin, doxazosin, naftopidil and terazosin did not discriminate the alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes present in this tissue whereas tamsulosin and the alpha 1A-adrenoceptor-selective reference drugs WB 4101, phentolamine and 5-methylurapidil did. Based on data with the alpha 1A-adrenoceptor-selective drugs, human prostate contains alpha 1A- and alpha 1B-adrenoceptors in an approximate 70:30% ratio. 5. We conclude that tamsulosin, in common with WB 4101, but in contrast to alfuzosin, doxazosin, naftopidil, and terazosin is selective for alpha 1A-adrenoceptors which appear to dominate in the human prostate; the therapeutic relevance of this selectivity remains to be assessed in clinical studies.

cardura 1mg tablets 2017-11-17

Acute pandysautonomia is a rare disease defined as acute widespread and severe sympathetic and parasympathetic failure and sparing of somatic nerve fibers. The causes of this syndrome are often an autoimmune disease leading to autonomic ganglionopathy. The majority of cases have a poor prognosis with a chronic debilitating course. We present a previously healthy 24-year-old female patient, who developed a loss of accommodation, pupillotonia, lacrimation, swallowing disturbances, gastrointestinal symptoms and an atonic bladder with 750 ml residual volume. The Ewing battery showed signs of parasympathetic and sympathetic dysfunction leading to the diagnosis of acute pandysautonomia. Further tests failed to find a cause of acute neuropathy especially where there was no evidence for paraneoplastic or infectious etiology. The patient was treated with high dose intravenous prednisolone and completely recovered.

cardura xl prices 2016-10-27

Tamsulosin, alfuzosin slow release and silodosin do not require dose titration. Alfuzosin, terazosin, doxazosin and silodosin have all been shown to be effective in relieving LUTS/BPH independent of prostate size. Low incidence of orthostatic hypotension has been reported for silodosin, but abnormal ejaculation is the most commonly reported adverse effect.