azulfidine 10 mg
Twenty-six cases (8 CRC, 18 dysplasia) were matched with 96 controls. Cases and controls were similar in age (median, 43 vs 42.5 y), age at diagnosis of UC (median, 29.5 vs 30.5 y), duration of UC (median, 11.5 vs 9 y), and extent of disease (58% pancolitis), sex, family history of UC, history of primary sclerosing cholangitis, and smoking history. Cases were more likely to have a family history of CRC than controls (27% of cases, 9% of controls, P = .036). Conditional logistic regression adjusted for disease duration, age at diagnosis, and family history of CRC showed that aminosalicylate use of 1.2 g/day or more was associated with a 72% reduction in the odds of dysplasia/CRC (odds ratio, 0.28; 95% confidence interval, 0.09-0.85). As the total dose of aminosalicylates increased, the odds of dysplasia/CRC decreased (P = .056).
The findings of BD in children are similar as in adults, but the frequency of familial cases is significantly higher.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of proanthocyanidins from grape seed (GSPE) in the treatment of recurrent ulcerative colitis (UC) in rats. To induce recurrent colitis, rats were instilled with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS) (80 mg/kg) into the colon through the cannula in the first induced phase, and then the rats were instilled a second time with TNBS (30 mg/kg) into the colon on the sixteenth day after the first induction UC. Rats were intragastrically administered GSPE (200 mg/kg) per day for 7 days after twice-induced colitis by TNBS. Sulfasalazine at 500 mg/kg was used as a positive control drug. Rats were killed 7 days after GSPE treatment. The colonic injury and inflammation were assessed by macroscopic and macroscopic damage scores, colon weight/length ratio (mg/cm), and myeloperoxidase activity. Then, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activities, and the levels of malonyldialdehyde, glutathione, and nitric oxide in serum and colonic tissues were measured. Compared with the recurrent UC group, GSPE treatment facilitated recovery of pathologic changes in the colon after induction of recurrent colitis, as demonstrated by reduced colonic weight/length ratio and macroscopic and microscopic damage scores. The myeloperoxidase and iNOS activities with malonyldialdehyde and nitric oxide levels in serum and colon tissues of colitis rats were significantly decreased in the GSPE group compared with those in the recurrent UC group. In addition, GSPE treatment was associated with notably increased superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase activities, and glutathione levels of colon tissues and serum of rats. GSPE exerted a protective effect on recurrent colitis in rats by modifying the inflammatory response, inhibiting inflammatory cell infiltration and antioxidation damage, promoting damaged tissue repair to improve colonic oxidative stress, and inhibiting colonic iNOS activity to reduce the production of nitric oxide.
azulfidine drug classification
Sulphasalazine has recently been shown to have an effect in ankylosing spondylitis but the clinical indication for its use is controversial. We have used an 'interventional' study design to investigate the clinical and laboratory effects of sulphasalazine in a group of 20 patients with active ankylosing spondylitis and peripheral joint disease. Following an initial assessment period, patients were treated with sulphasalazine for 24 weeks and the drug was then withdrawn and the patients monitored for a further 12 weeks. Significant improvements were observed in chest expansion, number of active joints, ESR and CRP which deteriorated after withdrawal of sulphasalazine. No change in spinal mobility was demonstrated. The 'interventional' design may be a useful screening procedure for identifying potential second line drugs in ankylosing spondylitis.
azulfidine y alcohol
These findings suggest that the fiber fraction of GBF may effectively enhance luminal butyrate production, and thereby accelerate colonic epithelial repair in colitis.
Using a simple and rapid method, electrical potential differences across rectal and colonic mucosa have been measured at routine sigmoidoscopy in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis. In patients with irritable bowel syndrome, all of whom had diarrhoea, the mucosa was charged negatively on the luminal side and potential differences were not significantly different from those of normal subjects. In acute exacerbations of ulcerative colitis, the potential difference was reversed, the luminal side being positive. This characteristic change was seen even in mild attacks. The potential difference was usually restored to normal within a few weeks of commencing treatment. In some cases, however, it was persistently abnormal for months and failed to show the normal response to stimulation by the mineralocorticoid, fludrocortisone. The way in which measurements of potential difference can be useful in diagnosis, prognosis, and as a guide to treatment is discussed.
azulfidine tab 500mg
Mothers (n = 255) participated in a prospective cohort study of RA and pregnancy, and 108 children of these mothers (ages 5-10 years) were included in this followup study. Information on features known to influence BMD in children, i.e., calcium intake, physical activity, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level, sex, height, and weight, was collected. In addition, pre- and postnatal variables known to influence BMD, i.e., gestational age, maternal smoking, birth weight, postnatal rate of growth, and type of feeding, were recorded. Independent variables were prednisone use, sulfasalazine use, and RA disease activity during pregnancy.
The clinical response to traditional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in indigent South Africans with early rheumatoid arthritis was investigated. A cohort of patients with early (≤2 years) RA who were DMARD-naïve at inception were prospectively assessed for response to DMARDs using the Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) over a 12-month period. Patients with low disease activity (LDA) at 12 months were compared to those with moderate and high disease activity with respect to demographic, clinical, autoantibody and radiographic features. The 171 patients (140 females) had a mean (SD) age of 47.1 (12.4) years, symptom duration of 11.7 (7.1) months and baseline SDAI of 39.4 (16.2). There was a significant overall improvement in the SDAI and its components in the 134 (78.4%) patients who completed the 12 months visit, but only 28.4% of them achieved LDA. The majority of patients (91%) were treated with methotrexate as monotherapy or in combination with chloroquine and/or sulphasalazine. Baseline features that independently predicted a LDA state at 12 months were lower Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (p = 0.023) and a higher haemoglobin level (p = 0.048). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that the 6-month SDAI was better than the baseline SDAI in predicting the 12-month SDAI (area under the curve of 0.69 vs. 0.52, respectively, p = 0.008). In conclusion, less than a third of the patients achieved a low disease activity at 12 months on traditional DMARDs. Patients who have an inadequate response to traditional DMARDs at 6 months are unlikely to show further improvement on traditional DMARDs at 12 months. These findings underscore the need for better disease control by an aggressive tight control strategy, including intense patient education and biologic therapy.
azulfidine 1000 mg
A double-blind controlled trial of the effect of sodium cromoglycate (SCG) in preventing relapse in ulcerative colitis has been completed in 100 subjects. In patients already taking sulphasalazine, SCG did not prove to be of any additional benefit. However, in patients not on any other maintenance therapy, the relapse rate was 40% for SCG as compared with 75% for placebo. A large study of the effect of SCG in patients intolerant of sulphasalazine is indicated.
azulfidine buy online
Data extraction and assessment of methodological quality of each study were independently performed by two reviewers. Any disagreement among reviewers was resolved by consensus. The main outcome measure was the occurrence of relapse as defined by the primary studies. Odds ratios of relapse rates and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated.
508 patients were randomized to initial monotherapy (iMono) or initial combination therapy (iCombo). Disease outcomes of iMono and iCombo were compared within non-PP or PP groups as determined on baseline characteristics
azulfidine 500mg tablet
MTX was well-tolerated and effective in reducing signs and symptoms, disability and structural damage. A comparison with other synthetic DMARDs was in favour of MTX, though at the tested doses MTX and leflunomide were equally effective.
azulfidine sulfasalazine dosage
Systematic literature review (SLR) of observational studies (including registries). Interventions were any bDMARD (anakinra, infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab, rituximab, abatacept, tocilizumab, golimumab or certolizumab pegol) or sDMARD (methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, sulfasalazine, gold/auranofin, azathioprine, chlorambucil, chloroquine, cyclosporin, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate, minocycline, penicillamine, tacrolimus or tofacitinib) and a comparator was required. Information on GCs was collected from the included studies. All safety outcomes were included.
azulfidine brand name
Skin rash is a common side effect of sulphasalazine. Desensitisation, with a gradual introduction of the drug, may prevent rash. This study reports a 33% (3/9 patients) success rate of desensitisation in patients with arthritis. Desensitisation should only be attempted if sulphasalazine has been efficacious in treating the joint symptoms.
To clarify whether synovial cell proliferation indicates an imbalance in production between angiogenic growth factors and angiogenesis inhibitors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), we investigated the production of basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as representative angiogenic growth factors and endostatin as a representative angiogenesis inhibitor.
azulfidine and alcohol
Four patients with rheumatoid arthritis received a combination of methotrexate and sulfasalazine for a mean of 24 months (range 20-28 months). All 4 patients experienced clinical improvement, with a reduction in the number of involved joints and in morning stiffness. In all 3 patients who had previously taken methotrexate, we were able to reduce the dosage, and the prednisone dosage was reduced in 2 of 3 patients who had previously taken that drug. No serious toxicity was observed in any patient.
We report a case of rash probably induced by ciprofloxacin and/or salazopyrin administration in a patient with infectious mononucleosis. A 22 year woman developed a maculopapular and petechial eruption in the 3-rd day of ciprofloxacin (given for a genital tract infection) and the 32-nd day of salazopyrin (for a spondylodiscitis). Subsequently she developed a severe hepatitis, shock, and very severe leucocytosis (88 000/mmc) that occasioned haematological investigations for a lymphoproliferative syndrome.
The aim of this study was to define the ultrasonographic factors that indicate clinical remission in patients with RA. We enrolled a cohort of patients with RA in whom the disease had been in remission for at least 6 months. Musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) examination was used to evaluate the status of active synovitis, power Doppler (PD) signalling, and synovitis in the bilateral metacarpophalangeal; proximal interphalangeal; and radiocarpal, ulnocarpal, and intercarpal, compartments of the wrist. A total of 64 RA patients with a mean disease duration of 79.97 months were studied. Of all patients, 36% had ultrasonographic synovitis and 29% an increased PD signal from at least one joint. Delay in diagnosis was highly correlated with synovitis and PD synovitis (r = 0.55, p = 0.000; and r = 0.51, p = 0.001, respectively). A weak negative correlation was evident between synovitis, PD synovitis, tenosynovitis, PD tenosynovitis, and duration of clinical remission (respectively, r = -0.426, p = 0.000; r = -0.333, p = 0.007; r = -0.243, p = 0.050; and r = -0.247, p = 0.049). Upon multivariate logistic regression analysis, the duration of clinical remission and delay in diagnosis were the factors that most influenced ultrasonographic remission (OR 3.46, p = 0.046; OR 3.27, p = 0.016, respectively). Synovial inflammation may persist in RA patients exhibiting clinical remission. We found that US detected subclinical synovitis. The most important factors preventing ultrasonographic remission were a short duration of clinical remission and delay in diagnosis.
azulfidine drug class
To evaluate the impact of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptide (ACPAs) on radiographic progression in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) initially treated either with a combination of 3 disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or with a single DMARD.
A pH-sensitive, polymer-coated oral preparation of mesalamine (5-aminosalicylic acid) was used at 1.6 and 2.4 g/d for 6 weeks.
In contrast to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the concept of disease modification in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) remains to be clarified. Endpoint measures employed in AS trials primarily assess features related to symptomatology while endpoints considered more relevant to the concept of disease modification, such as spinal mobility, acute-phase reactants and radiological progression, either lack sensitivity to change or have not been comprehensively validated. NSAIDs alleviate symptoms of AS but most trials have been short term, precluding meaningful conclusions regarding disease modification. Among disease-modifying therapies used in RA, sulfasalazine has been studied in several controlled trials mostly in patients with longstanding disease, effect sizes being small and limited to those with peripheral synovitis. No conclusions can be drawn from the limited studies evaluating methotrexate.
A component of the complement system's alternate pathway was investigated in ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The mean C3PA (Factor B) titer in normals was 74 +/- 15%; in ulcerative colitis, 92 +/- 18%; and in Crohn's disease, 119+/- 24%. Significance was at the P less than 0.001 level when the mean values for the ulcerative colitis and the Crohn's disease groups were compared to normal subjects. Titers did not change significantly with exacerbation or amelioration of the diseases or when patient groups were analyzed according to the mode of treatment received.
dosage of azulfidine
Clinical measures improved markedly (p <0.001) from baseline to year 2 under AUR, MTX, and SSZ therapy but not in the mTF group. Similar levels of disease control were seen for each DMARD. During this period, patients treated with AUR had a deltaLarsen score (+ 14.5+/-1.3) similar to mTF patients (+ 15.8+/-1.1) but greater than patients on MTX (+8.6+/-0.8) or SSZ (+9.1+/-0.8).